Cassock

The cassock, an item of Christian clerical clothing, is an ankle-length robe worn by clerics of the Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Anglican Church, Lutheran Church, some of the Oriental Orthodox churches and ministers and ordained officers of the Presbyterian and Reformed churches. "Ankle-length garment" is the literal meaning of the corresponding Latin term, vestis talaris. In the Western Christian tradition the cassock is generally close-fitting, but in the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Oriental Orthodox churches the outer cassock is quite loose.

The cassock derives historically from the tunic that in ancient Rome was worn underneath the toga and the chiton that was worn beneath the himation in ancient Greece.

The word "cassock" comes from Middle French "casaque", meaning a long coat. In turn, the old French word may come ultimately from Turkish "quzzak" (nomad, adventurer - the source of the word "Cossack"), an allusion to their typical riding coat, or from Persian کژاغند "kazhāgand" (padded garment) - کژ "kazh" (raw silk) + آغند "āgand" (stuffed).

In Ireland and in several other English-speaking countries, it is also known by the French-derived word soutane.

In the West, the cassock is little used today except for religious services; but in many countries it was the normal everyday wear of the clergy until the second half of the 20th century, when it was replaced even in those countries by a conventional suit, distinguished from lay dress by being generally black and by incorporating a clerical collar.

Read more about Cassock:  Eastern Practice (Orthodox and Eastern Catholic), Non-clerical Seventeenth Century Garment, Cassocks in Popular Secular Culture

Other articles related to "cassock, cassocks":

Eastern Choir Dress
... Over the inner cassock (rasson or podrasnik), a deep-sleeved exorason (riassa), which is often black, is worn ... During the paschal season both monastic and married clergy will often wear a white inner cassock ... Some Russian Metropolitans wear a white inner cassock and a blue outer when formally arriving to celebrate the Divine Liturgy ...
Cassocks in Popular Secular Culture
... is portrayed as wearing a single-breasted cassock while in the Matrix ... of 4th Street series of science fiction novels by Simon Hawke, the cassock is described as the professional garment of warlocks, a low-grade classification of magic ...
Anglican Orders - Threefold Order - Priests
... Priests traditionally wear a (usually) black cassock and/or clergy shirt - although many now wear clergy shirts in other colours or patterns ... the traditional vesture for Anglican priests is their choir dress of cassock, surplice, academic hood (if one has been awarded) and a black tippet ... pre-Reformation vestments of alb (or cassock-alb), stole, chasuble and occasionally the amice and maniple, are worn in large sections of the Communion ...
Mozzetta - Pellegrina
... the Roman Catholic Church is that cardinals and bishops may wear a pellegrina with their cassocks ... to grant to all priests there the privilege of wearing a replica in black of his own white cassock with pellegrina ... Since then, the wearing of a cassock with pellegrina has been a sign of a Catholic priest in England and Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Australia, and New ...
Cassock-alb
... The cassock alb or cassalb is a relatively modern garment and is a combination of the traditional cassock and alb ...