A cash crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale for profit. It is typically purchased by parties separate from a farm. The term cash crop is applied exclusively to the agricultural production of plants; animal agriculture is not a part of the terminology. The term is used to differentiate marketed crops from subsistence crops, which are those fed to the producer's own livestock or grown as food for the producer's family. In earlier times cash crops were usually only a small (but vital) part of a farm's total yield, while today, especially in the developed countries, almost all crops are mainly grown for revenue. In least developed countries, cash crops are usually crops which attract demand in more developed nations, and hence have some export value.
Prices for major cash crops are set in commodity markets with global scope, with some local variation (termed as "basis") based on freight costs and local supply and demand balance. A consequence of this is that a nation, region, or individual producer relying on such a crop may suffer low prices should a bumper crop elsewhere lead to excess supply on the global markets. This system has been criticized by traditional farmers. Coffee is an example of a product that has been susceptible to significant commodity futures price variations.
Other articles related to "cash crop, cash crops, crops":
... Coca, opium poppies and cannabis are significant black market cash crops, the prevalence of which varies ... In the United States, cannabis is considered by some to be the most valuable cash crop ... researcher, that in contrast to government figures for legal crops such as corn and wheat and using the study's projections for U.S ...
... Most peasants grew coffee, usually alongside other crops ... Sugar was another cash crop with a long history in Haiti ... became the colony's most important cash crop ...
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Famous quotes containing the words crop and/or cash:
“And, by the way, who estimates the value of the crop which nature yields in the still wilder fields unimproved by man? The crop of English hay is carefully weighed, the moisture calculated, the silicates and the potash; but in all dells and pond-holes in the woods and pastures and swamps grows a rich and various crop only unreaped by man.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“Lora May: Ive been a good wife. The best wife your money could buy.
Porter: Strictly cash and carry.”
—Joseph L. Mankiewicz (19091993)