The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), known since 1946 as the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB), is the federal regulator of nuclear power and materials in Canada, established in 2000 by the Canadian Nuclear Safety and Control Act. In addition to nuclear power plants and nuclear research facilities, the CNSC regulates numerous other uses of nuclear material such as radioisotopes used in the treatment of cancer, the operation of uranium mines and refineries, and the use of radioactive sources for oil exploration and in instruments such as precipitation measurement devices. The CNSC also implements Canada's international commitments on the peaceful use of nuclear energy. The CNSC is an independent agency of the Government of Canada which reports to the Parliament of Canada through the Minister of Natural Resources.
The regulatory system is designed to protect people and the environment from human-made radiation resulting from the use of nuclear energy and materials at licensed sites. This is accomplished through a licensing process that requires the licensee to prove that their operations are safe. At the basis of the regulatory system is the principle that no technology is fail proof, so licensees must incorporate multiple layers of protection whenever radioactive materials are used.
The CNSC implements measures to ensure that Canada's international obligations are met with respect to activities related to nuclear and radioactive materials. This includes Canada's safeguards obligations pursuant to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. The CNSC also licenses the import, export and transportation of nuclear materials and other prescribed substances, equipment, technology and dual-use items.
CNSC staff play an important role in protecting health, safety, security and the environment by monitoring and inspecting licensed activities. As part of that role, CNSC staff evaluate the performance of nuclear power plants. Staff also contribute to the development of international nuclear safety standards and nuclear non-proliferation fora.
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... subsequently advanced or rewound per the state of the world and nuclear war prospects ... has not always been set and reset as quickly as events occur the closest nuclear war threat, the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, reached crisis, climax, and resolution before it could be set to reflect that possible ... Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, officially starting the nuclear arms race ...
... River Laboratories (CRL), voluntarily chose to extend a routine shutdown of the NRU nuclear reactor pending completion of safety upgrades ... The issue involved two of NRU's eight coolant pumps which, upon completion of several safety upgrades, would be credited as being able to withstand ... CNSC required that a safety case be made, as per its mandate, to modify AECL’s license in order to allow it to operate the NRU reactor with a single pump connected to seismically ...
... Zion Nuclear Power Station was the third dual-reactor nuclear power plant in the Commonwealth Edison (ComEd) network and served Chicago and the northern quarter of Illinois ... The Zion Nuclear Power Station was retired on February 13, 1998 ... All nuclear fuel was removed permanently from the reactor vessel and placed in the plant's on-site spent fuel pool by March 9, 1998 ...
... It is estimated that up to the point of possible implementation of electricity generation by nuclear fusion, R D will need further promotion totalling around €60-80 billion over a period of 50 years or so (of ... Nuclear fusion research receives €750 million (excluding ITER funding), compared with €810 million for all non-nuclear energy research combined, putting research into fusion ...
... did not view the test as a "peaceful nuclear explosion", and canceled talks scheduled for 10 June on normalization of relations ... Zulfikar Ali Bhutto vowed in June 1974 that he would never succumb to "nuclear blackmail" or accept "Indian hegemony or domination over the subcontinent" ... The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission Chairman Munir Ahmed Khan said that the test would force Pakistan to test its own nuclear bomb ...
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