Cairo

Cairo ( /ˈkaɪroʊ/ KYE-roh ) is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world and Africa. Its metropolitan area is the 16th largest in the world. Located near the Nile Delta, it was founded in 969 AD. Nicknamed "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a centre of the region's political and cultural life. Cairo was founded by the Fatimid dynasty in the 10th century AD, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo is also associated with Ancient Egypt as it is close to the ancient cities of Memphis, Giza and Fustat which are near the Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza.

Egyptians today often refer to Cairo as Maṣr (, مصر), the Egyptian Arabic pronunciation of the name for Egypt itself, emphasizing the city's continued role in Egyptian influence. Its official name is القاهرة al-Qāhirah , means literally "the Vanquisher" or "the Conqueror";, sometimes it is informally also referred to as كايرو Kayro . Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab world, as well as the world's second-oldest institution of higher learning, al-Azhar University. Many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city; the Arab League has had its headquarters in Cairo for most of its existence.

With a population of 6.76 million spread over 453 square kilometers (175 sq mi), Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. With an additional 10 million inhabitants just outside the city, Cairo resides at the centre of the largest metropolitan area in Africa and the Arab World as well as the tenth-largest urban area in the world. Cairo, like many other mega-cities, suffers from high levels of pollution and traffic, but its metro — one of only two metros on the African continent (the other the Algiers Metro) — ranks among the fifteen busiest in the world, with over 1 billion annual passenger rides. The economy of Cairo was ranked first in the Middle East and 43rd globally by Foreign Policy's 2010 Global Cities Index.

Read more about Cairo:  Geography, Culture, Economy, Pollution, Famous People Born in Cairo (Cairenes)

Other articles related to "cairo":

Raouf Abbas - Academic Career
... Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of Arts, Cairo University, from September 1, 1996–1999 ... Professor, Department of Arabic Studies, The American University in Cairo, September 1992 - August 1996 ... Professor of Modern History, Faculty of Arts, Cairo University, from December 30, 1981 to present ...
Museum Of Islamic Art, Cairo - Design
... The Museum entirely faces Historic Cairo ... It has two entrances one on the north-eastern side and the other on the south-eastern side ...
Hany Mahfouz Helal
... He was as an expert in Earth Sciences Programs of the UNESCO's regional office in Cairo (1993), and the UNESCO consultant of International Laboratory for Scantron, Jordan (200 ... Helal graduated from the Faculty of Engineering at Cairo University with a B.Sc ...
Cairo, New York - Notable Residents
... Joseph Alden, (1807–1885), born in Cairo, was a noted academic and author of over seventy books Jennifer Connelly - the Academy Award winning actress was born in Round Top in 1970 ... Thurlow Weed, (1797–1882), born in Cairo, was a newspaper editor and political boss, who promoted, by turns (and sometimes simultaneously), the National ...
Hilana Sedarous
... Born in Tanta Egypt After primary school she went to study at Sannia school in Cairo and after to the College of Teachers.. ... to Egypt to work in Kitchener hospital in Cairo to become the first female Egyptian doctor ever ... carried her surgical procedures at the Coptic hospital in Cairo ...

Famous quotes containing the word cairo:

    St Louis, that city of outward-bound caravans for the West, and which is to the prairies, what Cairo is to the Desert.
    Herman Melville (1819–1891)

    The Cairo conference ... is about a complicated web of education and employment, consumption and poverty, development and health care. It is also about whether governments will follow where women have so clearly led them, toward safe, simple and reliable choices in family planning. While Cairo crackles with conflict, in the homes of the world the orthodoxies have been duly heard, and roundly ignored.
    Anna Quindlen (b. 1952)