Buchenwald concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager (KZ) Buchenwald, (eng: Beechwood forest)) was a German Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil.
Camp prisoners from all over Europe and the Soviet Union—Jews, non-Jewish Poles and Slovenes, religious and political prisoners, Roma and Sinti, Freemasons, Jehovah's Witnesses, criminals, homosexuals, and prisoners of war— worked primarily as forced labor in local armament factories. From 1945 to 1950, the camp was used by the Soviet occupation authorities as an internment camp, known as NKVD special camp number 2.
Today the remains of Buchenwald serves as a memorial and permanent exhibition and museum.
Read more about Buchenwald Concentration Camp: History, Liberation From Nazi Germany, Soviet Special Camp 2, Demolition of The Camp, Notorious Nazi Personnel, Well-known Inmates, Royalty, Modern Times, Photo Gallery
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... In 1937, the Nazis constructed the Buchenwald concentration camp, only eight kilometres from Weimar's city centre ... but figuratively "everyone gets what he deserves") was placed over the camp's main entrance gate. 1945, some 240,000 people were incarcerated in the camp by the Nazi regime, including 168 Western Allied POWs ...
Famous quotes containing the words concentration camp and/or camp:
“If you complain of people being shot down in the streets, of the absence of communication or social responsibility, of the rise of everyday violence which people have become accustomed to, and the dehumanization of feelings, then the ultimate development on an organized social level is the concentration camp.... The concentration camp is the final expression of human separateness and its ultimate consequence. It is organized abandonment.”
—Arthur Miller (b. 1915)
“We could not well camp higher, for want of fuel; and the trees here seemed so evergreen and sappy, that we almost doubted if they would acknowledge the influence of fire; but fire prevailed at last, and blazed here, too, like a good citizen of the world.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)