Brother Robert

Brother Robert was a cleric working in Norway who adapted several French literary works into Old Norse during the reign of King Haakon IV of Norway (1217–1263). The most important of these, Tristrams saga ok Ísöndar, based on Thomas of Britain's Tristan, is notable as the only example of Thomas' "courtly branch" of the Tristan and Iseult legend that has survived in its entirety. It was the earliest Scandinavian version of the story, and is thought to be the first Norwegian adaptation of an Old French work. Its success may have inspired the spate of translations during King Haakon's reign.

Robert's nationality is unknown, but his name and other circumstantial evidence suggests he was Anglo-Norman. As such he may have been connected to the Cistercian monasteries of Lyse Abbey or Hovedøya Abbey, which maintained close ties with England. Robert's name is connected to one other work with assurance, Elis saga, an adaptation of the chanson de geste Elie de St. Gille, where he is called "Abbot." Four other anonymous works largely on Arthurian subjects have been attributed to him; these are Ívens saga and Parcevals saga, based on Chrétien de Troyes' romances Yvain, the Knight of the Lion and Perceval, the Story of the Grail; Möttuls saga, a version of the poem Le Mantel Mautaillié; and a collection of lais based on the Lais of Marie de France called Strengleikar. Robert's translations at Haakon's commission speak to the king's role in spreading French and Arthurian material throughout Scandinavia. The wide influence of Tristrams saga ok Ísöndar is especially apparent in Iceland, where it served as the basis for the ballad "Tristrams kvæði" and the prose adaptation Saga af Tristram ok ĺsodd.

Other articles related to "brother, robert, brother robert":

Charles Craufurd
... Crauford, 1st Baronet (see Crauford baronets), and the elder brother of Robert Craufurd ... He studied in Germany for some time, and, with his brother Robert's assistance, translated Tielke's book on the Seven Years' War (The Remarkable Events of the War between Prussia, Austria and Russia from 1756 ... He succeeded his brother Robert as Member of Parliament (MP) for East Retford (1806-1812) ...
Jane Cazneau - Education and Early Career
... and Texas Land Company, and Jane and her brother Robert traveled to Texas, which was then still part of Mexico, to buy land ... The next year, Jane, her father, her brother Robert and a company of German settlers set out to take possession of the land, but the scheme failed when ... Her brother Robert remained in Texas and eventually became a wealthy planter ...
1620s - Significant People
... Hasan Asaf-Khan of Persia (?-1641), Grand Vizer of the Mughal Empire (and brother of Nur Jahan), in office c.1611–1632 Sir Thomas Aylesbury, 1st Baronet of ... Alfonso de la Cueva, marqués de Bedmar of Spain (1572–1655), diplomat and Catholic theologian Robert Cushman of England (1578–1625), Plymouth colony organizer Cyril I (1 ... of France (1608–1660), French Prince (brother of Louis XIII) and commander of the aristocratic revolt at Les Ponts-de-Cé Artemisia Gentileschi of Rome (1593–1656), painter George William (1595–1640 ...
Richard B. Fitzgerald
... made me mad, I’d stop dying long enough to fight about it.'" At night, his more studious brother Robert would teach Richard and his siblings what Robert had learned in school that day, as both ... In late 1869, he and his brother Billy moved to a farm east of Hillsborough, North Carolina, to be with his brother, sisters, and parents, who had moved there recently from Pennsylvania and ... set up a brickyard at the farm, with the assistance of their father, Thomas, and their brother Robert ...

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