Brazilian Literature - Colonial Period

Colonial Period

The first extant document that might be considered Brazilian literature is the Carta de Pero Vaz de Caminha (Pero Vaz de Caminha's letter). It is written by Pero Vaz de Caminha to Manuel I of Portugal, which contains a description of what Brazil looked like in 1500. Journals of voyagers and descriptive treatises on "Portuguese America" dominated the literary production for the next two centuries, including well-known accounts by Jean de Léry and Hans Staden, whose story of his encounter with the Tupi Indians on the coast of São Paulo was extraordinarily influential for European conceptions of the New World.

A few more explicitly literary examples survive from this period, such as Basílio da Gama's epic poem celebrating the conquest of the Missions by the Portuguese, and the work of Gregório de Mattos, a 17th century lawyer from Salvador who produced a sizable amount of satirical, religious, and secular poetry. Matos drew heavily from Baroque influences such as the Spanish poets Luis de Góngora and Francisco de Quevedo.

Neoclassicism was widespread in Brazil during the mid-18th century, following the Italian style. Literature was often produced by members of temporary or semi-permanent academies and most of the content was in the pastoral genre. The most important literary centre in colonial Brazil was the prosperous Minas Gerais region, known for its gold mines, where a thriving proto-nationalist movement had begun. The most important poets were Cláudio Manuel da Costa, Tomás Antônio Gonzaga, Alvarenga Peixoto and Manuel Inácio da Silva Alvarenga, all them involved in an uprising against the colonial power. Gonzaga and Costa were exiled to Africa as a consequence.

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Other articles related to "colonial period, period":

Tlalpan - The Pueblos Area
... The origins of the pueblos comes from the colonial period, when authorities worked to group dispersed bands of indigenous into villages centered around a church ... have been founded by Franciscan monks during the early colonial period, with its chapel around the end of the 17th or early 18th century ... Santo Tomás Ajusco was founded in the early colonial period ...
List Of Dominican Republic Provinces By Etymology
... Ruiz de Pravia and Beatriz de la Rocha, who lived on a ranch that existed at the beginning of colonial period in the location ... Immortalized as saint in the region in the colonial period ... San Pedro de Macorís Taino Macorís is a native word in the colonial period for "speaker of a foreign language" ...
Colonial Period

Colonial Period may generally refer to any period in a country's history when it was subject to administration by a colonial power.

  • Spanish conquest of Guatemala
  • Korea under Japanese rule
  • Viceroyalty of Peru
  • Colonial history of the United States
San Andrés Cholula, Puebla - History
... date somewhere between 500 and 200 BCE, during the middle Preclassic period ... Through the Classic period, the village grew and social hierarchy developed, with the first pyramid to define this social and religious hierarchy begun at the end of the Preclassic ... At the end of this period, many settlements were abandoned, but Cholula grew, making it politically dominant in the region ...
Scottish Australian - History - Colonial Period
... The majority of Scots arriving in the early colonial period were convicts 8,207 Scottish convicts, of the total 150,000 transported to Australia, made up about 5% of the convict ...

Famous quotes containing the words period and/or colonial:

    We are now going through a period of demolition. In morals, in social life, in politics, in medicine, and in religion there is a universal upturning of foundations. But the day of reconstruction seems to be looming, and now the grand question is: Are there any sure and universal principles that will evolve a harmonious system in which we shall all agree?
    Catherine E. Beecher (1800–1878)

    In colonial America, the father was the primary parent. . . . Over the past two hundred years, each generation of fathers has had less authority than the last. . . . Masculinity ceased to be defined in terms of domestic involvement, skills at fathering and husbanding, but began to be defined in terms of making money. Men had to leave home to work. They stopped doing all the things they used to do.
    Frank Pittman (20th century)