Belief bias is a cognitive bias in which people evaluate the validity of a given conclusion (Evans & Curtis-Holmes, 2005). People either accept or reject it depending if it is consistent with their everyday knowledge (prior beliefs). This decision is also affected by the conclusions believability as opposed to logical validity (Dube, Rotello & Heit, 2010)). Belief bias occurs whenever responses are given on the foundation of the conclusion’s believability, despite instructions stressing that responses should be made on the basis of logical validity (Quayle & Ball, 2000).
... The subjects, however, a exhibited belief bias, evidenced by the tendency to rejected valid arguments with unbelievable conclusions, and endorsed invalid arguments with ... logical validity, the subjects based their assessments on personal beliefs ... is required to understand fully how and why belief bias occurs and if there are certain mechanisms that are responsible for such things. ...
Famous quotes containing the words bias and/or belief:
“The solar system has no anxiety about its reputation, and the credit of truth and honesty is as safe; nor have I any fear that a skeptical bias can be given by leaning hard on the sides of fate, of practical power, or of trade, which the doctrine of Faith cannot down-weigh.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“There has never been in history another such culture as the Western civilization M a culture which has practiced the belief that the physical and social environment of man is subject to rational manipulation and that history is subject to the will and action of man; whereas central to the traditional cultures of the rivals of Western civilization, those of Africa and Asia, is a belief that it is environment that dominates man.”
—Ishmael Reed (b. 1938)