Belief bias is a cognitive bias in which people evaluate the validity of a given conclusion (Evans & Curtis-Holmes, 2005). People either accept or reject it depending if it is consistent with their everyday knowledge (prior beliefs). This decision is also affected by the conclusions believability as opposed to logical validity (Dube, Rotello & Heit, 2010)). Belief bias occurs whenever responses are given on the foundation of the conclusion’s believability, despite instructions stressing that responses should be made on the basis of logical validity (Quayle & Ball, 2000).
... The subjects, however, a exhibited belief bias, evidenced by the tendency to rejected valid arguments with unbelievable conclusions, and endorsed invalid arguments with believable conclusions ... the subjects based their assessments on personal beliefs ... more research is required to understand fully how and why belief bias occurs and if there are certain mechanisms that are responsible for such things. ...
Famous quotes containing the words bias and/or belief:
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