A barrel, cask, or tun is a hollow cylindrical container, traditionally made of wooden staves bound by wooden or metal hoops. Traditionally, the barrel was a standard size of measure referring to a set capacity or weight of a given commodity. For example, in the UK a barrel of beer refers to a quantity of 36 imperial gallons. Wine was shipped in barrels of 119 litres (31 US gal). A small barrel is called a keg.
Modern wooden barrels for wine-making are either made of French common (Quercus robur) and white oak (Quercus petraea) or from American white oak (Quercus alba) and have typically these standard sizes: "Bordeaux type" 225 litres (59 US gal) and "Cognac type" 300 litres (79 US gal). Modern barrels and casks can also be made of aluminum, stainless steel, and different types of plastic, such as HDPE.
Someone who makes barrels is called a "barrel maker" or cooper. Barrels are only one type of cooperage. Other types include, but are not limited to: buckets, tubs, butter churns, hogsheads, firkins, kegs, kilderkins, tierces, rundlets, puncheons, pipes, tuns, butts, pins, and breakers.
Barrels have a variety of uses, including storage of liquids such as water and oil, fermenting wine, arrack and sake, and maturing beverages such as wine, cognac, armagnac, sherry, port, whiskey and beer.
Other articles related to "barrel, barrels":
... The barrel was a wire wound A tube in a jacket with a screw breach ... Recoil system was below the barrel and used a hydraulic buffer with a hydro-pneumatic recuperator to return the barrel to its firing position ...
... A slug barrel is a barrel for a shotgun that is designed primarily to fire slugs. ...
... Further information Barrel (unit) The wine barrel was half a wine hogshead, a quarter of a butt, an eighth of a tun or approximately 118 to 120 litres ... The imperial wine barrel was 26+1⁄4 imperial gallons (119.3348625 litres) and the US wine barrel was 31+1⁄4 US gallons (118.29411825 litres) ...
... humidity over 75% for reds and over 85% for whites to be ideal for wine aging and barrel storage ... In Northern California, wine barrel evaporation in a surface warehouse is on the order of 4 gallons (15.1 liters) per each 60 gallon (227 liter) barrel per year ... In a wine cave, barrel evaporation is reduced to about 1 gallon (3.8 liters) per barrel per year ...
... A barrel is one of several units of volume, with dry barrels, fluid barrels (UK beer barrel, US beer barrel), oil barrel, etc ... The volume of some barrel units is double others, with various volumes in the range of about 100–200 litres (22–44 imp gal 26–53 US gal) ... English wine cask units gallon rundlet barrel tierce hogshead firkin, puncheon, tertian pipe, butt tun 1 tun 2 ... pipes, butts 1. 1⁄2 3 firkins, puncheons, tertians 1. 1⁄3 4 ... hogsheads 1 ...
Famous quotes containing the word barrel:
“The watchers in their leopard suits
Waited till it was time,
And aimed between the belt and boot
And let the barrel climb.”
—Louis Simpson (b. 1923)
“I was born a mechanic, and made a barrel before I was ten years old. The cooper told my father, Fanny made that barrel, and has done it quicker and better than any boy I have had after six months training. My father looked at it and said, What a pity that you were not born a boy so that you could be good for something. Run into the house, child, and go to knitting.”
—Frances D. Gage (18081884)
“I do not know if you remember the tale of the girl who saves the ship under mutiny by sitting on the powder barrel with her lighted torch ... and all the time knowing that it is empty? This has seemed to me a charming image of the women of my time. There they were, keeping the world in order ... by sitting on the mystery of life, and knowing themselves that there was no mystery.”
—Isak Dinesen [Karen Blixen] (18851962)