The Barada (Arabic: بردى‎ / ALA-LC: Baradá; Greek: Chrysorrhoas) is the main river of Damascus, the capital city of Syria. It flows through the spring of ‘Ayn Fījah (عين فيجة), about 27 km north west of Damascus in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains, but its source is Lake Barada, located at about 8 km from Zabadani. The Barada descends through a steep, narrow gorge named "Rabwe" before it arrives at Damascus, where it divides into seven branches that irrigate the oasis of Ghouta (الغوطة). The 'Barada' name is thought to derive from 'barid', i.e. 'cold'. The ancient Greek name means 'golden stream'.

Throughout the arid plateau region east of Damascus, oases, streams, and a few interior rivers that empty into swamps and small lakes provide water for local irrigation. Most important of these is the Barada, a river that rises in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains and disappears into the desert. The Barada creates the Al Ghutah Oasis, site of Damascus. This verdant area, some 370 square kilometers, has enabled Damascus to prosper since ancient times. From the mid-1980s onwards, the size of Al Ghutah was gradually being eroded as suburban housing and light industry from Damascus encroached on the oasis.

The river has suffered from severe drought in the last decades, mainly due to the lower rainfall rates and the large increase in the population in the region. It also suffers from serious pollution problems, especially in the summer, where there is almost no flow and little water in the basin.

Read more about Barada:  Biblical Mention, Barada in Lebanon

Other articles related to "barada, baradas":

Antonine Barada
... Antonine Barada (1807–1887), alternatively spelled Antoine Barada, was an American folk hero in the state of Nebraska son of an Omaha mother, he was also called Mo shi-no pazhi in ... While Barada was an historic man, contemporary accounts of his prodigious strength helped establish him as a regional legend, in the mold of Paul Bunyan and Febold Feboldson ... Barada's exploits have been counted as fakelore by historians ...
Antonine Barada - Myth
... Barada's myth is widely known in Nebraska ... Pulitzer Prize-winning writer Mari Sandoz stated, "'Toine Barada stories were told as far as the upper Yellowstone." In the 1930s, Louise Pound of the Federal Writer's Project of the Works Progress ... him into unconsciousness with one blow on his ear." Barada was known as a huge man, commonly thought to be almost seven feet tall and widely regarded as a giant ...
Antonine Barada - Death
... Barada died in 1887 and is buried alongside his wife in the Catholic cemetery just east of Barada, the village that bears his name ... In 1951 several of Barada's descendants were members of a lawsuit brought against the Government of the United States for recognition of their ... According to the suit, in the 1870s Barada applied to the tribe for membership based on his maternal ancestry ...
Klaatu Barada Nikto - Usage in The Film
... Still, also created the alien language used in the film, including the phrase "Klaatu barada nikto" ... If anything should happen to me you must go to Gort, you must say these words, 'Klaatu barada nikto', please repeat that." Shortly after, Klaatu is shot and killed ... before Gort attacks her, she says, "Gort, Klaatu barada nikto ...
Barada in Lebanon
... All the Baradas in Lebanon belong mainly to Haddatha, a village in the southern part of the country ...

Famous quotes containing the word barada:

    If anything should happen to me, you must go to Gort. You must say these words: Klaatu barada nicto.
    Edmund H. North (1911–1990)