Aria

An aria (Italian for air; plural: arie or arias in common usage) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer. The term is now used almost exclusively to describe a self-contained piece for one voice usually with orchestral accompaniment. Perhaps the most common context for arias is opera, although there are many arias that form movements of oratorios and cantatas. Composers also wrote concert arias, which are not part of any larger work, such as "Ah perfido" by Beethoven, and a number of concert arias by Mozart, such as "Conservati fedele".

The aria first appeared in the 14th century when it signified a manner or style of singing or playing. Aria could also mean a melodic scheme (motif) or pattern for singing a poetic pattern, such as a sonnet. It was also attached to instrumental music, though this is no longer the case. Over time, arias evolved from simple melodies into a structured form. In the 17th century, the aria was written in ternary form (A–B–A); these arias were known as da capo arias. The aria later "invaded" the opera repertoire with its many sub-species (Aria cantabile, Aria agitata, Aria di bravura, and so on). By the mid-19th century, many operas became a sequence of arias, reducing the space left for recitative, while other operas (for instance those by Wagner) were entirely through-composed, with no section being readily identifiable as a self-contained aria.

An arietta is a short aria.

Read more about Aria:  Notable Arias

Other articles related to "aria":

Aria, Navarre
... Aria is a village and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain ...
Stop Calling Me - Promotion and Chart Performance
... The song debuted on the Australian ARIA Singles Chart on 28 January 2002 at number forty-five ... Me" spent twenty weeks in the top one hundred, was accredited platinum by ARIA and was the forty-third highest selling single for 2002 ... In 2002 the song was nominated for an ARIA Award for "Highest Selling Single" but lost to "Can't Get You out of My Head" by Kylie Minogue Chart (2002) Peak position Australian ARIA ...
ARIA (cipher)
... In cryptography, ARIA is a block cipher designed in 2003 by a large group of South Korean researchers ... ARIA uses two 8×8-bit S-boxes and their inverses in alternate rounds one of these is the Rijndael S-box ...
Mercure
... CFD code developed by Électricité de France (EDF) and distributed by ARIA Technologies, a French company ... When requested, ARIA integrates MERCURE as a module into the ARIA RISK software for use in industrial risk assessments ...
Aria (guitar Company) - Guitars
... Aria Pro II did some copies of famous American guitars like the Fender Stratocaster and the Gibson Les Paul though it also did its own style of guitars ... Cliff Burton of Metallica used an Aria SB Black N Gold I as well as an SB-1000 bass but was never an official endorser ... He has a posthumous "Signature Model" (his name is not mentioned on the Aria site) called the SB-CB produced in Korea ...