Archaeological Record

The archaeological record is the body of physical (i.e. not written) evidence about the past. It is one of the most basic concepts in archaeology, the academic discipline concerned with documenting and interpreting the archaeological record. The archaeological record consists of the material culture found at an archaeological site. Material culture in terms of archaeology can consist of artifacts, built structures, human impact on the environment, garbage, stratigraphy, mortuary practices, plant remains, animal remains. Archaeological theory is used to interpret the archaeological record for a better understanding of human cultures. The archaeological record can consist of the earliest ancient findings as well as contemporary artifacts. Human activity has had a large impact on the archaeological record. Destructive human processes such as agriculture and land development may damage or destroy potential archaeological sites. Other threats to the archaeological record include natural phenomena and scavenging. Archaeology is a destructive science and can take away from the finite resources of the archaeological record. It is for this reason that archaeologists limit the amount of excavation that they do at each site and meticulous records are kept of what is found.


Other articles related to "archaeological record, archaeological, record, records":

Alice Beck Kehoe - About
... She speaks of the "limited and biased archaeological record" (2007personal communication) of the Americas and of how many archaeologists were molded by preconceptions of ancient Amerindians having been "sava ... Native American history, much has been missed in the archaeological record of the Americas that is only just now coming to light ... For instance, in examining the most recently discovered archaeological evidence of Cahokia, Kehoe suggests that this largest known center of Mississippian culture should best be termed a state ...
Michael Brian Schiffer
... concerned with the formation processes of the archaeological record (cultural and noncultural) ... was the rejection of the common processualist assumption that the archaeological record is a transparent fossil record of actual ancient societies ... the same kind of artifact can enter the archaeological record at many points through this life history ...
Meni - Name and Identity - Narmer and Menes
... absence of any mention of Menes in the archaeological record, and the comparative wealth of evidence of Narmer, a protodynastic figure credited by posterity and in the ... The chief archaeological reference to Menes is an ivory label from Naqada which shows the royal Horus-name Aha (the pharaoh Hor-Aha) next to a building, within which is the royal nebty-name mn ... the pharaohs, not their Horus-names, and are vital to the potential reconciliation of the various records the nebty-names of the king lists, the Horus-names of the ...

Famous quotes containing the word record:

    This play holds the season’s record [for early closing], thus far, with a run of four evening performances and one matinee. By an odd coincidence it ran just five performances too many.
    Dorothy Parker (1893–1967)