Aquaculture

Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. Mariculture refers to aquaculture practiced in marine environments and in underwater habitats.

The reported output from global aquaculture operations would supply one half of the fish and shellfish that is directly consumed by humans; however, there are issues about the reliability of the reported figures. Further, in current aquaculture practice, products from several pounds of wild fish are used to produce one pound of a piscivorous fish like salmon.

Particular kinds of aquaculture include fish farming, shrimp farming, oyster farming, algaculture (such as seaweed farming), and the cultivation of ornamental fish. Particular methods include aquaponics and Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, both of which integrate fish farming and plant farming.

Read more about Aquaculture:  History, 21st-century Practice, Definition, Around The World, Over Reporting, Netting Materials, Issues, Animal Welfare, Prospects

Other articles related to "aquaculture":

Aquaculture - Prospects
... The aquaculture or farming of piscivorous fish, like salmon, does not help the problem because they need to eat products from other fish, such as fish meal and fish ... Apart from fish and shrimp, some aquaculture undertakings, such as seaweed and filter-feeding bivalve mollusks like oysters, clams, mussels and scallops, are relatively ... Some profitable aquaculture cooperatives promote sustainable practices ...
Michael A. Rice - Academic Career
... of bivalve molluscs, and he has further research interests in the field of aquaculture ... Rice has made contributions to the growth of the aquaculture industry in Rhode Island, and internationally, including the Philippines, Tanzania, the Republic of Georgia, and The ... Working with Enrico Beridze of the Iberian Pontomarine Aquaculture Company, he introduced mussel farming to the Black Sea coast of Georgia ...
Carabane - Economy - Agriculture and Aquaculture - Aquaculture
... The collection of shellfish, especially oysters, is another traditional activity which still takes place in Casamance, which is one of three oyster-producing regions in Senegal, along with Petite Côte and Sine-Saloum ... Oysters collect on the roots of mangrove trees which are uncovered at low tide ...
Sustainable Seafood - Friend of The Sea
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Aquaculture In New Zealand
... Aquaculture started to take off in New Zealand in the 1980s ... In 2007, aquaculture generated about NZ$360 million in sales on an area of 7,700 hectares ... In 2006, the aquaculture industry in New Zealand developed a strategy aimed at achieving a sustainable annual billion NZ dollar business by 2025 ...