Angkor

Angkor (Khmer: អង្គរ, "Holy City") is a region of Cambodia that served as the seat of the Khmer Empire, which flourished from approximately the 9th to 15th centuries. The word Angkor is derived from the Sanskrit nagara (नगर), meaning "city". The Angkorian period began in AD 802, when the Khmer Hindu monarch Jayavarman II declared himself a "universal monarch" and "god-king", until 1351, when Angkor first fell under Ayutthayan suzerainty, to 1431, when Ayutthaya put down a rebellion and sacked the Khmer capital, causing its population to migrate south to Longvek.

The ruins of Angkor are located amid forests and farmland to the north of the Great Lake (Tonlé Sap) and south of the Kulen Hills, near modern-day Siem Reap (13°24′N, 103°51′E), in Siem Reap Province, and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temples of the Angkor area number over one thousand, ranging in scale from nondescript piles of brick rubble scattered through rice fields to the magnificent Angkor Wat, said to be the world's largest single religious monument. Many of the temples at Angkor have been restored, and together, they comprise the most significant site of Khmer architecture. Visitor numbers approach two million annually.

In 2007, an international team of researchers using satellite photographs and other modern techniques concluded that Angkor had been the largest preindustrial city in the world, with an elaborate system of infrastructure connecting an urban sprawl of at least 1,000 square kilometres (390 sq mi) to the well-known temples at its core. The closest rival to Angkor, the Mayan city of Tikal in Guatemala, was between 100 and 150 square kilometres (39 and 58 sq mi) in total size. Although its population remains a topic of research and debate, newly identified agricultural systems in the Angkor area may have supported up to one million people.

Read more about Angkor:  Religious History, Archaeological Sites, Terms and Phrases

Other articles related to "angkor":

Angkor - Terms and Phrases
... Angkor is a Khmer term meaning "city" ... (Angkor Thom means "large city".) Varman is a suffix meaning "shield" or "protector" ... (Angkor Wat means "temple city".) ...
Angkor Thom District
... Angkor Thom District (Khmer ស្រុកអង្គរធំ) is an administrative district of Siem Reap Province, in north western Cambodia ... The main Angkor Wat monument and the ancient city of Angkor Thom are both located within the district ...
National Symbols Of Cambodia - National Symbols - Angkor Wat
... Angkor Wat (Khmer អង្គរវត្ត) is a temple complex at Angkor, Cambodia, built for the king Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city ...
Siem Reap River
... Siem Reap Province Capital city Siem Reap Districts Angkor Chum District Angkor Thom District Banteay Srei District Chi Kraeng District Puok Thala District Kralanh District Prasat Bakong District Siem Reap District ...
Henri Marchal
... of Khmer monuments at the archeological site of Angkor, in Cambodia ... carrying the pay of workers), in 1916 he was dispatched to Angkor to manage Conservation d'Angkor by EFEO ... He resumed the cleaning works on Angkor Wat and the excavation of main monuments in central Angkor Thom Baphuon, the Bayon, Phimeanakas, Preah Pithu ...