Amphetamine (USAN, abbreviated from alpha-methylphenethylamine), α-methylphenethylamine, or amfetamine (INN) is a psychostimulant drug of the phenethylamine class that produces increased wakefulness and focus in association with decreased fatigue and appetite.

Brand names of medications that contain, or metabolize into, amphetamine, include Adderall, Dexedrine, Dextroamphet, Dextrostat, Desoxyn, Didrex, ProCentra, and Vyvanse, as well as Benzedrine or Psychedrine in the past.

The drug is also used recreationally and as a performance enhancer.

Important side effects of therapeutic amphetamine include stunted growth in young people and occasionally a psychosis can occur at therapeutic doses during chronic therapy as a treatment emergent side effect. When abused at high doses the risk of experiencing side effects and their severity increases.

Read more about Amphetamine:  Side Effects, History, Performance-enhancing Use, Society and Culture, Legal Status, Prodrugs, Derivatives, Smuggling

Other articles related to "amphetamine, amphetamines":

Levoamphetamine - Chemistry
... Levoamphetamine is the levorotary stereoisomer of the amphetamine molecule ... The amphetamine racemate contains two stereoisomers, dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine, both exhibiting amphetaminergic (amphetamine-like) effects ...
Drug Policy Of Sweden - History - Introduction of Amphetamines
... In 1938, amphetamine was introduced in Sweden, and a year later required a prescription ... In 1942, amphetamine was added to the list of controlled substances ... in the late 1940s, a group of artists began dissolving amphetamine tablets in water so that it could be purified and injected intravenously ...
List Of Doping Cases In Cycling - 1960s - 1960
... the 1960 Summer Olympic Games in Rome riding under the influence of amphetamines he collapsed during the 100 km team time trial during the Games, fracturing his skull ... The autopsy showed he had taken amphetamine and another drug, Ronicol (Ronicol Retard) (nicotinyl alcohol tartrate), a direct-acting peripheral vasodilator that causes flushing and may decrease blood pressure ... He was also reported as swallowing 8 pills of phenylisopropylamine, 15 pills of amphetamine and coffee.) The chairman of the Dutch cycling federation, Piet van Dijk, said of Rome that "dope ...
Amphetamine - Smuggling
213 kg of amphetamine worth 40 million AED (Nearly $11 million) was seized by the United Arab Emirate Drug combat authorities on 30 November 2011 from an Iranian ...
... Levoamphetamine (also levamfetamine, (R)-amphetamine or (−)-amphethamine) is a psychostimulant known to increase wakefulness and focus in association with decreased ... Levoamphetamine is the levorotatory stereoisomer of the amphetamine molecule ... medicinal application and clinical meaning existing between the two isomers of amphetamine simple amphetamine, levoamphetamine, creates significantly greater vasopressor effect and ...

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