Aflatoxin

Aflatoxin

Aflatoxins are naturally occurring mycotoxins that are produced by many species of Aspergillus, a fungus, the most notable ones being Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. Their name is derived from the early work that discovered Aspergillus Flavustoxins. Aflatoxins are toxic and among the most carcinogenic substances known. After entering the body, aflatoxins may be metabolized by the liver to a reactive epoxide intermediate or hydroxylated to become the less harmful aflatoxin M1.

Read more about Aflatoxin:  Contamination Conditions, Pathology, Microbiology, Detection in Humans, Animals, Major Types of Aflatoxins and Their Metabolites, Biosynthetic Pathway of Aflatoxin B1

Other articles related to "aflatoxin, aflatoxins":

Monkeynut - Health Concerns - Contamination With Aflatoxin
... which produces a carcinogenic substance called aflatoxin ... Department of Agriculture (USDA) tests every truckload of raw peanuts for aflatoxin any containing aflatoxin levels of more than 15 parts per billion are destroyed ... to ensure all peanuts are inspected for aflatoxin ...
Biosynthetic Pathway of Aflatoxin B1
... Aflatoxin B1 is derived from both a dedicated fatty acid synthase (FAS) and a polyketide synthase (PKS), together known as norsolorinic acid synthase ... From this point on the biosynthetic pathway of aflatoxin B1 becomes much more complicated, with several major skeletal changes ... Then a final recyclization occurs to form aflatoxin B1 ...
Pistachio - Toxin and Safety Concerns
... As with other tree nuts, aflatoxin is a toxin found in poorly harvested or processed pistachios ... Aflatoxins are potent carcinogenic chemicals produced by molds such Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus ... It is unsafe to eat mold-infected and aflatoxin-contaminated pistachios ...
Aflatoxin Total Synthesis - Aflatoxin B2 Synthesis
... The total synthesis of Aflatoxin B2 is a multistep sequence that begins with a cycloaddition between the quinone 1 and the 2,3-Dihydrofuran ... bromide in 8 and a transesterification step between the phenol group and the ethyl ester group Aflatoxin B2 total synthesis ...
Badam - Aflatoxins
... Almond, like some other tree nuts, are susceptible to aflatoxin-producing molds ... Aflatoxins are potent carcinogenic chemicals produced by molds such as Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus ... Some countries have strict limits on allowable limits for aflatoxin contamination on almonds, and require adequate testing before the nuts can be marketed to their citizens ...