The Plymouth and Dartmoor Railway was a 4 ft 6 in (1,372 mm) gauge railway, built to bring china clay from pits on Dartmoor to Plymouth for onward transport by coastal shipping. The railway was built as a toll railway (where independent carriers operated horse-drawn "trains" and paid the company a toll). There was a rope-operated incline to ascend a steep gradient.
The system had a number of branches including the Lee Moor Tramway, part of which remained operated with horse traction until closure in 1960. Other forms of power used on the line included steam locomotives and rope worked inclines.
The company also built a conventional 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) gauge branch line to Turnchapel on behalf of the London and South Western Railway.
Read more about Plymouth And Dartmoor Railway: General Physical Description, China Clay, Princetown and Plympton, Cann Quarry and The Marsh Mills Railway, Lee Moor Tramway, Turnchapel Branch, Operation, See Also
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