Mountain

A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth by over 10,000 feet (3,000 m). Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers. A few mountains are isolated summits, but most occur in huge mountain ranges.

The highest mountain on Earth is Mount Everest in the Himalayas of Asia, whose summit is 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above mean sea level. The highest known mountain in the Solar System is Olympus Mons on the planet Mars at 21,171 m (69,459 ft).

Read more about Mountain:  Definition, Characteristics, Types, Geology

Famous quotes containing the word mountain:

    And though in tinsel chain and popcorn rope
    My tree, a captive in your window bay,
    Has lost its footing on my mountain slope
    And lost the stars of heaven, may, oh, may
    The symbol star it lifts against your ceiling
    Help me accept its fate with Christmas feeling.
    Robert Frost (1874–1963)

    The mountain held the town as in a shadow.
    Robert Frost (1874–1963)

    There is a mountain in the distant West
    That, sun-defying, in its deep ravines
    Displays a cross of snow upon its side.
    Such is the cross I wear upon my breast
    These eighteen years, through all the changing scenes
    And seasons, changeless since the day she died.
    Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1809–1882)