A Garrison Sergeant Major (GSM) in the British Army is the senior warrant officer of a garrison and holds the rank of Warrant Officer Class 1. The GSM London District, always a guardsman, holds one of the four most senior WO1 appointments in the British Army, and has military ceremonial responsibility for important state occasions such as Trooping the Colour.
The post of Garrison Sergeant Major London District was established in the early 1950s with specific responsibilities as State Ceremonial Sergeant Major. The first task of the new Garrison Sergeant Major was to organise the funeral of King George VI in 1952 and the coronation of Her Majesty The Queen in 1953.
Traditionally the Garrison Sergeant Major London District wore the same badge of rank as a Regimental Sergeant Major of Foot Guards, the large Royal Coat of Arms on the right upper sleeve. However, on 28 April 2011, the day before the wedding of TRH The Duke & Duchess of Cambridge, the Ministry of Defence announced that, in recognition of the work done by Garrison Sergeant Majors on behalf of the Royal Household, Her Majesty the Queen had approved the revival of the original one made for Sergeant Majors appointed to the Court of King William IV in the early 19th century. It incorporates the large Royal Coat of Arms worn by selected Warrant Officers Class 1 of The Household Division, placed over four chevrons sewn in gold thread, the traditional badge of the Sergeant Major, originally worn on both arms of their tunics.
Read more about Garrison Sergeant Major: Garrison Sergeant Majors, London District
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