Europe - Political Geography

Political Geography

Main article: Politics of Europe See also: List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Europe

The list below includes all entities falling even partially under any of the various common definitions of Europe, geographic or political. The data displayed are per sources in cross-referenced articles. The 27 European Union member states are highly integrated, economically and politically; the European Union itself forms part of the political geography of Europe.

Flag Arms Name Area
(km²)
Population
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
Albania 28,748 2,831,741 98.5 Tirana
Andorra 468 68,403 146.2 Andorra la Vella
Armenia 29,800 3,229,900 101 Yerevan
Austria 83,858 8,169,929 97.4 Vienna
N/A Azerbaijan 86,600 9,165,000 105.8 Baku
N/A Belarus 207,560 9,458,000 45.6 Minsk
Belgium 30,528 11,007,000 360.6 Brussels
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129 3,843,126 75.2 Sarajevo
Bulgaria 110,910 7,621,337 68.7 Sofia
Croatia 56,542 4,437,460 77.7 Zagreb
Cyprus 9,251 788,457 85 Nicosia
Czech Republic 78,866 10,256,760 130.1 Prague
Denmark 43,094 5,564,219 129 Copenhagen
Estonia 45,226 1,340,194 29 Tallinn
Finland 336,593 5,157,537 15.3 Helsinki
France 547,030 63,182,000 115.5 Paris
Georgia 69,700 4,661,473 64 Tbilisi
Germany 357,021 83,251,851 233.2 Berlin
Greece 131,940 10,645,343 80.7 Athens
Hungary 93,030 10,075,034 108.3 Budapest
Iceland 103,000 307,261 2.7 Reykjavík
Ireland 70,280 4,234,925 60.3 Dublin
Italy 301,230 58,751,711 191.6 Rome
N/A Kazakhstan 2,724,900 15,217,711 5.6 Astana
Latvia 64,589 2,067,900 34.2 Riga
Liechtenstein 160 32,842 205.3 Vaduz
Lithuania 65,200 2,988,400 45.8 Vilnius
Luxembourg 2,586 448,569 173.5 Luxembourg
N/A Republic of Macedonia 25,713 2,054,800 81.1 Skopje
Malta 316 397,499 1,257.9 Valletta
Moldova 33,843 4,434,547 131.0 Chişinău
Monaco 1.95 31,987 16,403.6 Monaco
Montenegro 13,812 616,258 44.6 Podgorica
Netherlands 41,526 16,318,199 393.0 Amsterdam
Norway 324,220 5,018,836 15.5 Oslo
Poland 312,685 38,625,478 123.5 Warsaw
Portugal 91,568 10,409,995 110.1 Lisbon
Romania 238,391 21,698,181 91.0 Bucharest
Russia 17,075,400 142,200,000 8.3 Moscow
San Marino 61 27,730 454.6 San Marino
Serbia 88,361 7,120,666 91.9 Belgrade
Slovakia 48,845 5,422,366 111.0 Bratislava
Slovenia 20,273 2,050,189 101 Ljubljana
Spain 504,851 45,061,274 89.3 Madrid
Sweden 449,964 9,090,113 19.7 Stockholm
Switzerland 41,290 7,507,000 176.8 Bern
N/A Turkey 783,562 74,724,269 97 Ankara
Ukraine 603,700 48,396,470 80.2 Kiev
United Kingdom 244,820 61,100,835 244.2 London
Vatican City 0.44 900 2,045.5 Vatican City
Total 10,180,000 731,000,000 70

Within the above-mentioned states are several de facto independent countries with limited to no international recognition. None of them are members of the UN:

Flag Arms Name Area
(km²)
Population
(1 July 2002 est.)
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
Abkhazia 8,432 216,000 29 Sukhumi
Kosovo 10,887 1,804,838 220 Pristina
Nagorno-Karabakh 11,458 138,800 12 Stepanakert
Northern Cyprus 3,355 265,100 78 Nicosia
N/A South Ossetia 3,900 70,000 18 Tskhinvali
N/A Transnistria 4,163 537,000 133 Tiraspol

Several dependencies and similar territories with broad autonomy are also found in Europe. Note that the list does not include the constituent countries of the United Kingdom, federal states of Germany and Austria, and autonomous territories of Spain and the post-Soviet republics as well as the republic of Serbia.

Name of territory, with flag Area
(km²)
Population
(1 July 2002 est.)
Population density
(per km²)
Capital
Åland (Finland) 13,517 26,008 16.8 Mariehamn
Faroe Islands (Denmark) 1,399 46,011 32.9 Tórshavn
Republika Srpska (Bosnia) 24,857 1,439,673 57.9 Banja Luka
Gibraltar (UK) 5.9 27,714 4,697.3 Gibraltar
Guernsey (UK) 78 64,587 828.0 St. Peter Port
Isle of Man (UK) 572 73,873 129.1 Douglas
Jersey (UK) 116 89,775 773.9 Saint Helier
Svalbard and Jan
Mayen Islands (Norway)
62,049 2,868 0.046 Longyearbyen

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