The Australian Labor Party (also ALP and Labor, was Labour before 1912) is a social democratic political party in Australia. It has been the governing party of the Commonwealth of Australia since the 2007 federal election. Julia Gillard is the party's federal parliamentary leader and Prime Minister of Australia. In the state and territory parliaments, Labor governs in South Australia, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory. The party competes against the Liberal/National Coalition for political office at the federal and state (and sometimes local) level.
The ALP was founded as a federal party prior to the first sitting of the Australian Parliament in 1901, but is descended from Labour parties founded in the various Australian colonies by the emerging labour movement in Australia, formally beginning in 1891. Labor is thus the country's oldest political party. Colonial Labour parties contested seats from 1891, and federal seats following the Federation at the 1901 federal election. Labor was the first party in Australia to win a majority in either house of the Australian Parliament, at the 1910 federal election. The ALP predates both the British Labour Party and New Zealand Labour Party in party formation, government, and policy implementation.
Read more about Australian Labor Party: History, National Platform, ALP Structure, ALP Federal Parliamentary Leaders, ALP Federal Deputy Parliamentary Leaders, ALP State and Territory Parliamentary Leaders, Other Past Labor Politicians
Famous quotes containing the words australian, labor and/or party:
“Each Australian is a Ulysses.”
—Christina Stead (19021983)
“Having behind us the producing masses of this nation and the world, supported by the commercial interests, the labor interests, and the toilers everywhere, we will answer their demand for a gold standard by saying to them: You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns, you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.”
—Administration in the State of Neva, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)
“In every party there is one person who, through his dotingly credulous enunciation of party principles, incites the other members to defection.”
—Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900)