Zoology - Branches of Zoology

Branches of Zoology

Although the study of animal life is ancient, its scientific incarnation is relatively modern. This mirrors the transition from natural history to biology at the start of the nineteenth century. Since Hunter and Cuvier, comparative anatomical study has been associated with morphography shapins the modern areas of zoological investigation: anatomy, physiology, histology, embryology, teratology and ethology. Modern zoology first arose in German and British universities. In Britain, Thomas Henry Huxley was a prominent figure. His ideas were centered on the morphology of animals. Many consider him the greatest comparative anatomist of the latter half of the nineteenth century. Similar to Hunter, his courses were composed of lectures and laboratory practical classes in contrast the previous format of lectures only. This system became widely spread.

Gradually zoology expanded beyond Huxley's comparative anatomy to include the following sub-disciplines:

  • Zoography, also known as descriptive zoology, describes animals and their habitats
  • Comparative anatomy studies the structure of animals.
  • Animal physiology
  • Behavioral ecology
  • Ethology is the study of animal behavior.
  • The various taxonomically oriented disciplines such as mammalogy, herpetology, ornithology and entomology identify and classify species and study the structures and mechanisms specific to those groups.

Related fields:

  • Evolutionary biology: Development of both animals and plants is considered in the articles on evolution, population genetics, heredity, variation, Mendelism, reproduction.
  • Molecular Biology studies the common genetic and developmental mechanisms of animals and plants
  • Palaeontology
  • Systematics, cladistics, phylogenetics, phylogeography, biogeography and taxonomy classify and group species via common descent and regional associations.

Read more about this topic:  Zoology

Other articles related to "branches":

Conservative Future - Organisation - Branches
... Conservative Future branches can vary in structure ... It has branches at most British universities, though notably not at Cambridge University, but also has a number of branches affiliated with city and town ... These branches aim to attract members from the non-student population ...
Fenwick (department Store) - Branches - Elsewhere
... Branches in Bond Street (where Fenwick have had a branch since 1891), Leicester which was taken over in the 1960's from Joseph Johnson’s ...
Nile Bank Limited - History
... By 1992 the bank had two branches and has since expanded to six branches including branches in Mbarara, Entebbe and Jinja ...
Branch President
... Branches within stakes that house a pool of priesthood holders will usually necessitate a branch president to be already married and in most cases to be ... In branches where no resident member is a worthy priesthood holder, a full-time missionary may be called to be branch president ... This will usually be the case for branches in districts where local priesthood holders may be in short supply ...
Gandapur - History - Origin Legend
... Imran Khan (His descendants are divided into many sub-branches the first two main branches are Isa Khel and Gund Khel which again have a number of sub-branches) ...

Famous quotes containing the words branches of and/or branches:

    I know of no pursuit in which more real and important services can be rendered to any country than by improving its agriculture, its breed of useful animals, and other branches of a husbandman’s cares.
    George Washington (1732–1799)

    Certain branches cut
    certain leaves fallen
    the grapes
    cooked and put up
    for winter
    Denise Levertov (b. 1923)