Who is Voltaire?


François-Marie Arouet (; 21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit and for his advocacy of civil liberties, including freedom of religion, freedom of expression, free trade and separation of church and state. Voltaire was a versatile writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and more than 2,000 books and pamphlets. He was an outspoken supporter of social reform, despite strict censorship laws with harsh penalties for those who broke them. As a satirical polemicist, he frequently made use of his works to criticize intolerance, religious dogma, and the French institutions of his day.

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Some articles on Voltaire:

Poème Sur Le Désastre De Lisbonne - Criticism
... Through his work, Voltaire criticized religious figures and philosophers such as Alexander Pope, and endorsed the views of the skeptic Pierre Bayle ... Voltaire was, in turn, criticized by the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau Rousseau had been mailed a copy of the poem by Voltaire, who received a letter carrying Rousseau's criticism ... Rousseau criticized Voltaire for seeking to apply science to spiritual questions, and he argued that evil is necessary to the existence of the universe and that ...
Canton Of Ferney-Voltaire
... The canton of Ferney-Voltaire is an administrative division in eastern France ... Commune Inhabitants Postal code INSEE code Ferney-Voltaire 01160 ... Ornex 01281 ... Prévessin-Moëns 01313 ... Saint-Genis-Pouilly 383. 01630 ...
Lost Operas By Jean-Philippe Rameau - Samson
... Rameau's librettist was Voltaire, a great admirer of his music, and the two began collaboration in December 1733 ... In spite of this, Rameau and Voltaire ploughed on and by October 1734 most of the score was complete and parts (including Acts III and V) were given a private concert performance ... Voltaire was deeply disappointed because he believed the work was "Rameau's masterpiece" ...
Mariamne (Nadal Play)
... Nadal was encouraged to produce the play after his rival Voltaire's play on the same story had failed after only one performance the previous year ... audience booed its opening scenes and demanded that Voltaire's play be put on instead ... Nadal was convinced his own Mariamne had failed because of Voltaire's "brigue horrible et scandaleuse" that set Paris against it, and said so in the preface to the printed play, accusing him of ...
Voltaire, North Dakota - Demographics - 2000 Census
... There were 20 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...

Famous quotes containing the word voltaire:

    Jesus wept; Voltaire smiled. From that divine tear and from that human smile is derived the grace of present civilization.
    Victor Hugo (1802–1885)