Who is Oswald Spengler?

  • (noun): German philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936).
    Synonyms: Spengler

Oswald Spengler

Oswald Manuel Arnold Gottfried Spengler (29 May 1880 – 8 May 1936) was a German historian and philosopher whose interests also included mathematics, science, and art. He is best known for his book The Decline of the West (Der Untergang des Abendlandes), published in 1918 and 1922, where he proposed a new theory, according to which the lifespan of civilizations is limited and ultimately they decay. In 1920 Spengler produced Prussiandom and Socialism (Preußentum und Sozialismus), which argued for an organic, nationalist version of socialism and authoritarianism. He wrote extensively throughout World War I and the interwar period, and supported German hegemony in Europe. Some National Socialists (such as Goebbels) held Spengler as an intellectual precursor but he was ostracised after 1933 for his pessimism about Germany's and Europe's future, his refusal to support Nazi ideas of racial superiority, and his critical work The Hour of Decision.

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Some articles on Oswald Spengler:

Oswald Spengler - Spengler's Works
... Briefe, 1913-1936, 1963 - The Letters of Oswald Spengler, 1913-1936 (ed ... Kortanek and Manfred Schröter) Der Briefwechsel zwischen Oswald Spengler und Wolfgang E ...

Famous quotes containing the words oswald spengler and/or spengler:

    Long ago the country bore the country-town and nourished it with her best blood. Now the giant city sucks the country dry, insatiably and incessantly demanding and devouring fresh streams of men, till it wearies and dies in the midst of an almost uninhabited waste of country.
    Oswald Spengler (1880–1936)

    It is the Late city that first defies the land, contradicts Nature in the lines of its silhouette, denies all Nature. It wants to be something different from and higher than Nature. These high-pitched gables, these Baroque cupolas, spires, and pinnacles, neither are, nor desire to be, related with anything in Nature. And then begins the gigantic megalopolis, the city-as-world, which suffers nothing beside itself and sets about annihilating the country picture.
    —Oswald Spengler (1880–1936)