Who is George Berkeley?

  • (noun): Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753).
    Synonyms: Berkeley, Bishop Berkeley

George Berkeley

George Berkeley ( /ˈbɑrkliː/; 12 March 1685 – 14 January 1753), also known as Bishop Berkeley (Bishop of Cloyne), was an Anglo-Irish philosopher whose primary achievement was the advancement of a theory he called "immaterialism" (later referred to as "subjective idealism" by others). This theory denies the existence of material substance and instead contends that familiar objects like tables and chairs are only ideas in the minds of perceivers, and as a result cannot exist without being perceived. Thus, as Berkeley famously put it, for physical objects "esse est percipi" ("to be is to be perceived"). Berkeley is also known for his critique of abstraction, an important premise in his argument for immaterialism.

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... A bibliography of George Berkeley ... A Bibliography of George Berkeley 1963—1979 // Berkeley Critical and Interpretive Essays ... Berkeley Bibliography (1979—2010) — A Supplement to those of Jessop and Turbayne A bibliography on George Berkeley — about 300 works from the 19th century to our days Tomy C ...

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    Upon the whole I am inclined to think that the far greater part, if not all of those difficulties, which have hitherto amused philosophers, and blocked up the way to knowledge, are entirely owing to our selves. That we have raised a dust, and then complain that we cannot see.
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