What is zuiderzee?

Zuiderzee

The Zuiderzee (/ˌzaɪdər ˈzeɪ/; Dutch: Zuiderzee, ; old spelling Zuyderzee) was a shallow bay of the North Sea in the northwest of the Netherlands, extending about 100 km (60 miles) inland and at most 50 km (30 miles) wide, with an overall depth of about 4 to 5 metres (13–16 feet) and a coastline of about 300 km (200 miles). It covered 5,000 km2 (1,900 sq mi). Its name means "southern sea" in Dutch, indicating that the origin of the name can be found in Friesland to the north of the Zuiderzee (cf. North Sea). In the 20th century the majority of the Zuiderzee was closed off from the North Sea (leaving the mouth of the inlet to become part of the Wadden Sea) and the salt water inlet changed into a fresh water lake called the IJsselmeer (IJssel Lake) after the river that drains into it, and by means of drainage and polders, an area of some 1,500 km2 (580 sq mi) was reclaimed as land. This land eventually became the province of Flevoland, with a population of nearly 400,000 (2011).

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Some articles on zuiderzee:

Sailing At The 1928 Summer Olympics - Venue
... venue for the Amsterdam Olympics the South Westerly part of the Zuiderzee was chosen ... At that time the Zuiderzee had an open connection with the North Sea ... In 1932 a dam was built between the North Sea and the Zuiderzee and the Zuiderzee was called IJsselmeer ...
Makkum, Wûnseradiel - History
... Makkum was known as the gateway to the Zuiderzee for its locks which were owned by the neighboring monastery ... The 19th century brought economical decline caused by the siltation of the Zuiderzee which made the harbor of Makkum unreachable ... for showing the history of sea fishing on the former Zuiderzee ...
Jos Lussenburg - Career
... Many of Lussenburg's paintings show the rough waves of the shallow Zuiderzee with one or more fishing sailing boats in action ... zee (The dying sea) about the end of the fishing industry in the former Zuiderzee ... Later, in 1975 a book De stervende Zuiderzee (The dying Zuiderzee) dealt with the same problem ...
European Anchovy - Distribution - Zuiderzee and English Channel
... in summer when they entered the Wadden Sea and Zuiderzee ... After the closing of the Zuiderzee they were still found in the Wadden Sea until the 1960s ... at the western end of the English Channel in November and December migrate from the Zuiderzee and the Scheldt in the autumn, returning there the following spring ...
Zuiderzee - Geography and Development
... Around the Zuiderzee many fishing villages grew up and several developed into walled towns with extensive trade connections, in particular Kampen, a town in Overijssel ... Contained within the Zuiderzee were five small islands, the remains of what were once larger islands, peninsulas connected to the mainland, or in the case of Pampus, an artificial island ... of a large enclosing dam (the Afsluitdijk) tamed the Zuiderzee ...