What is translation?

  • (noun): The act of changing in form or shape or appearance.
    Example: "A photograph is a translation of a scene onto a two-dimensional surface"
    Synonyms: transformation
    See also — Additional definitions below


Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text. Whereas interpreting undoubtedly antedates writing, translation began only after the appearance of written literature; there exist partial translations of the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh (ca. 2000 BCE) into Southwest Asian languages of the second millennium BCE.

Read more about Translation.

Some articles on translation:

Yellower - References
... Hazan (French translation) ... Pyramyd (French translation) ... Thames and Hudson (Page numbers cited from French translation) ...
New English Translation - History and Textual Basis
... The New English Translation, like the New International Version, New Jerusalem Bible and the New American Bible, is a completely new translation of the Bible, not an update or revision of ... The translation and extensive notes were undertaken by more than twenty biblical scholars who worked directly from the best currently available Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek texts ... The translation project originally started as an attempt to provide a digital version of a modern English translation over the Internet and on CD-ROM without cost for ...
Yuan Haowen - Translation
... Settling Down in My Wife’s Family Dongyuan Country Place Layers of hills cut off the dust of the world.. ...
Literary Translation - Religious Texts
... Further information Bible translations and Translation of the Qur'an An important role in history has been played by translation of religious texts ... who translated the Indian sutras into Chinese often skewed their translations to better reflect China's distinct culture, emphasizing notions such as filial piety ... One of the first recorded instances of translation in the West was the rendering of the Old Testament into Greek in the 3rd century BCE ...
New English Translation - Functional and Formal Translation
... he translators and editors used the notes to give a translation that was formally equivalent, while placing a somewhat more functionally equivalent translation in the ... these two different approaches to Bible translation has thus been fundamentally solved ... more accessible, allowing you to look over the translator’s shoulder at the very process of translation." ...

More definitions of "translation":

  • (noun): The act of uniform movement.
    Synonyms: displacement
  • (noun): A uniform movement without rotation.
  • (noun): (mathematics) a transformation in which the origin of the coordinate system is moved to another position but the direction of each axis remains the same.
  • (noun): (genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm.
  • (noun): Rewording something in less technical terminology.

Famous quotes containing the word translation:

    The Bible is for the Government of the People, by the People, and for the People.
    General prologue, Wycliffe translation of the Bible (1384)

    ...it is better to marry than to be aflame with passion.
    Bible: New Testament, 1 Corinthians 7:9.

    King James translation reads, “It is better to marry than to burn.”

    Whilst Marx turned the Hegelian dialectic outwards, making it an instrument with which he could interpret the facts of history and so arrive at an objective science which insists on the translation of theory into action, Kierkegaard, on the other hand, turned the same instruments inwards, for the examination of his own soul or psychology, arriving at a subjective philosophy which involved him in the deepest pessimism and despair of action.
    Sir Herbert Read (1893–1968)