A thin film is a layer of material ranging from fractions of a nanometer (monolayer) to several micrometers in thickness. Electronic semiconductor devices and optical coatings are the main applications benefiting from thin film construction.
Read more about Thin Film.
Some articles on thin film:
... physical understanding of plasmas, especially those used in thin film etching, deposition and surface modification." 2009 Robert Hamers "For wide ... to the atomic-level understanding of thin-film growth, interfacial interactions, and etching." 1998 David E ... development of optical methods and effects for research on thin films, surfaces and interfaces which have significantly advanced the understanding of electronic materials and processes." 1997 Phaedon ...
... Silicon thin-film cells are mainly deposited by chemical vapor deposition (typically plasma-enhanced, PE-CVD) from silane gas and hydrogen gas ... The quantum efficiency of thin film solar cells is also lower due to reduced number of collected charge carriers per incident photon ... the complete light spectrum can be absorbed with a very thin layer of photo-electrically active material ...
... The performance and potential of thin-film materials are high, reaching cell efficiencies of 12–20% prototype module efficiencies of 7–13% and ... could reach even lower levels—well under $50/m2, the DOE/NREL goal for thin films—when fully optimized ... At these levels, thin-film modules will cost less than fifty cents per watt to manufacture, opening new markets such as cost-effective distributed power and utility production to thin ...
... is used to couple the power from an incident laser beam into a thin film ... The film lies on a substrate such as a glass microscope slide and might have a thickness of the order of the wavelength of the incident light (0.550 μm for green light) ... The refractive index of the film is made greater than that of the glass slide, the film can serve as a dielectric planar waveguide for light via total internal ...
... Thin-film printing technology is being used to apply solid-state lithium polymers to a variety of substrates to create unique batteries for specialized applications ... Thin-film batteries can be deposited directly onto chips or chip packages in any shape or size ... Flexible batteries can be made by printing onto plastic, thin metal foil, or paper ...
Famous quotes containing the words film and/or thin:
“Is America a land of God where saints abide for ever? Where golden fields spread fair and broad, where flows the crystal river? Certainly not flush with saints, and a good thing, too, for the saints sent buzzing into mans ken now are but poor- mouthed ecclesiastical film stars and cliché-shouting publicity agents.
Their little knowledge bringing them nearer to their ignorance,
Ignorance bringing them nearer to death,
But nearness to death no nearer to God.”
—Sean OCasey (18841964)
“I remember how they picked me up, a spindly kid,
Pinching and poking my thin ribs
Till I lay in their laps, laughing,
Weak as a whiffet;”
—Theodore Roethke (19081963)