What is surface?

  • (noun): The extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object.
    Example: "They skimmed over the surface of the water"; "a brush small enough to clean every dental surface"; "the sun has no distinct surface"
    See also — Additional definitions below

Surface

In mathematics, specifically in topology, a surface is a two-dimensional topological manifold. The most familiar examples are those that arise as the boundaries of solid objects in ordinary three-dimensional Euclidean space R3 — for example, the surface of a ball. On the other hand, there are surfaces, such as the Klein bottle, that cannot be embedded in three-dimensional Euclidean space without introducing singularities or self-intersections.

Read more about Surface.

Some articles on surface:

Surfaces in Geometry
... boundary of a cube, are among the first surfaces encountered in geometry ... It is also possible to define smooth surfaces, in which each point has a neighborhood diffeomorphic to some open set in E² ... This elaboration allows calculus to be applied to surfaces to prove many results ...
Disk Read-and-write Head - Description
... In a hard drive, the heads 'fly' above the disk surface with clearance of as little as 3 nanometres ... by the design of an air-bearing etched onto the disk-facing surface of the slider ... role of the air bearing is to maintain the flying height constant as the head moves over the surface of the disk ...
Geodetic Datum
... In surveying and geodesy, a datum is a set of reference points on the Earth's surface against which position measurements are made and (often) an associated model of the shape of the Earth (reference ellipsoid) to ... datums are used for describing a point on the Earth's surface, in latitude and longitude or another coordinate system ... In engineering and drafting, a datum is a reference point, surface, or axis on an object against which measurements are made ...
Veterans Stadium - Playing Surface
... The field's surface, originally composed of AstroTurf, contained many gaps and uneven patches ... Baseball players also complained about the surface ... It was much harder than other AstroTurf surfaces, and the shock of running on it often caused back pain ...
Roman Surface
... The Roman surface or Steiner surface (so called because Jakob Steiner was in Rome when he thought of it) is a self-intersecting mapping of the real projective plane into three-di ... latitude (φ), gives parametric equations for the Roman surface as follows x = r2 cos θ cos φ sin φ y = r2 sin θ cos φ sin φ z = r2 cos θ sin θ cos2 φ ... point, and each of the xy-, yz-, and xz-planes are tangential to the surface there ...

More definitions of "surface":

  • (verb): Put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface.
    Synonyms: coat
  • (noun): The outermost level of the land or sea.
    Example: "Earthquakes originate far below the surface"; "three quarters of the Earth's surface is covered by water"
    Synonyms: Earth's surface
  • (noun): The outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary.
    Example: "There is a special cleaner for these surfaces"; "the cloth had a pattern of red dots on a white surface"
  • (noun): Information that has become public.
    Example: "The facts had been brought to the surface"
    Synonyms: open
  • (verb): Appear or become visible; make a showing.
    Example: "I hope the list key is going to surface again"
    Synonyms: come on, come out, turn up, show up
  • (noun): A superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of something.
    Example: "It was not what it appeared to be on the surface"
  • (adj): On the surface.
    Example: "Surface materials of the moon"
  • (noun): A device that provides reactive force when in motion relative to the surrounding air; can lift or control a plane in flight.
    Synonyms: airfoil, aerofoil, control surface

Famous quotes containing the word surface:

    I have passed down the river before sunrise on a summer morning, between fields of lilies still shut in sleep; and when, at length, the flakes of sunlight from over the bank fell on the surface of the water, whole fields of white blossoms seemed to flash open before me, as I floated along, like the unfolding of a banner, so sensible is this flower to the influence of the sun’s rays.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    A novelist is, like all mortals, more fully at home on the surface of the present than in the ooze of the past.
    Vladimir Nabokov (1899–1977)

    All forms of beauty, like all possible phenomena, contain an element of the eternal and an element of the transitory—of the absolute and of the particular. Absolute and eternal beauty does not exist, or rather it is only an abstraction creamed from the general surface of different beauties. The particular element in each manifestation comes from the emotions: and just as we have our own particular emotions, so we have our own beauty.
    Charles Baudelaire (1821–1867)