Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions, and one of the plastic arts. Durable sculptural processes originally used carving (the removal of material) and modelling (the addition of material, as clay), in stone, metal, ceramics, wood and other materials but, since modernism, shifts in sculptural process led to an almost complete freedom of materials and process. A wide variety of materials may be worked by removal such as carving, assembled by welding or modelling, or molded, or cast.
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Some articles on sculpture:
... Rent Collection Courtyard (收租院), a 1965 sculpture depicting former landlord Liu Wencai as an evil landlord collecting rent from poor, although this depiction has been disputed by modern ...
... late 1960s, Jane Frank turned her energies toward the creation of free-standing sculpture, i.e ... sculptures properly speaking, as opposed to "sculptural paintings" or mixed media works on canvas ... The sculptures, with their clean lines and surfaces, often in sleek lucite or aluminium, completely dispense with the earthy, gritty qualities of those "sculptural landscape" canvases ...
... to Early Buddhism and Early Christianity, neither of which initially accepted large sculptures ... these early views were later reversed, and sculpture became very significant, especially in Buddhism ... Christian Eastern Orthodoxy has never accepted monumental sculpture, and Islam has consistently rejected nearly all figurative sculpture ...
... Building is a 350,000-pound (160,000 kg) sculpture entitled "Spaceship Earth", created by Finnish American artist Eino ... The sculpture was commissioned by the Maxwell Family Foundation in memory of the late environmentalist David Brower ... The sculpture was intended to be a permanent reminder to future generations to take care of their delicate planet ...
... literally "lion person"), then the lion lady (German Löwenfrau), is an ivory sculpture that is the oldest known zoomorphic (animal-shaped) sculpture in the world and ... The sculpture has also been interpreted as anthropomorphic, giving human characteristics to an animal, although it may have represented a deity ... dating material from the same layer in which the sculpture was found ...
More definitions of "sculpture":
- (noun): Creating figures or designs in three dimensions.
- (verb): Create by shaping stone or wood or any other hard material.
Famous quotes containing the word sculpture:
“What sculpture is to a block of marble, education is to an human soul.”
—Joseph Addison (16721719)
“Ah, to build, to build!
That is the noblest art of all the arts.
Painting and sculpture are but images,
Are merely shadows cast by outward things
On stone or canvas, having in themselves
No separate existence. Architecture,
Existing in itself, and not in seeming
A something it is not, surpasses them
As substance shadow.”
—Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (18071882)