What is saxophone?

  • (noun): A single-reed woodwind with a conical bore.
    Synonyms: sax


The saxophone (also referred to informally as the sax) is a conical-bore, transposing musical instrument that is a member of the woodwind family. Saxophones are usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet. The saxophone was invented by the Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax in 1846. He wanted to create an instrument that would be the most powerful and vocal of the woodwinds, and the most adaptive of the brass—that would fill the vacant middle ground between the two sections. He patented the saxophone on June 24, 1846 in two groups of seven instruments each. Each series consisted of instruments of various sizes in alternating transposition. The series pitched in B♭ and E♭, designed for military bands, has proved extremely popular and most saxophones encountered today are from this series. Instruments from the so-called "orchestral" series pitched in C and F never gained a foothold, and the B♭ and E♭ instruments have now replaced the C and F instruments in classical music.

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Some articles on saxophone:

Days Like This (song) - Personnel
... Van Morrison - vocals, alto saxophone Ronnie Johnson - electric guitar Nicky Scott - bass Geoff Dunn - drums Teena Lyle - Piano, backing vocals Kate St ... John - alto saxophone Pee Wee Ellis - tenor saxophone Leo Green - tenor saxophone Matthew Holland - trumpet Brian Kennedy - backing vocals Horns arranged by Pee Wee ...
Saxophone - Gallery
... From left to right, an E♭ alto saxophone, a curved B♭ soprano saxophone, and a B♭ tenor saxophone A straight-necked Conn C melody saxophone (Conn New Wonder ... Circa 1990s Yanagisawa A9932J alto saxophone has a solid silver bell and neck with solid phosphor bronze body ... Manufactured in 2008 Bauhaus Walstein tenor saxophone manufactured in 2008 from phosphor bronze The lower portion of a P ...
Pedro Iturralde
... Pedro Iturralde, born 1929, is a Spanish saxophonist, saxophone teacher and composer ... in his first professional engagements on saxophone at age eleven ... He taught saxophone at the Madrid Conservatory from 1978 until his retirement in 1994 ...
Doing It To Death - Personnel
... Oakley - trumpet Maceo Parker - alto saxophone and flute St ... Clair Pinckney - tenor saxophone Eldee Williams - tenor saxophone Jimmy Nolen - guitar Hearlon "Cheese" Martin - guitar Fred Thomas - bass John "Jabo" Starks ...
Christmas Songs By Sinatra - Personnel
... celli), Ruth Hill (harp), Arthur Baker, Henry Ross (alto saxophones/clarinets), Harold Feldman (tenor saxophone/flute/clarinet/piccolo/oboe/cor anglais), Bernard ...