Russia i/ˈrʌʃə/ or /ˈrʊʃə/ (Russian: Россия, Rossiya; ), also officially known as the Russian Federation (Russian: Российская Федерация, Rossiyskaya Federatsiya; ), is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both via Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea. It also has maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk, and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is also the world's ninth most populous nation with 143 million people as of 2012. Extending across the whole of northern Asia, Russia spans nine time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. Russia has the world's largest reserves of mineral and energy resources and is the largest producer of oil and natural gas globally. Russia has the world's largest forest reserves and its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the world's fresh water.
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Some articles on Russia:
... Increasingly, there were Dyaks, a sort of high clerk who supplemented a voyevoda in administrative affairs ... Valid documents had to be countersigned by the Dyak ...
... During the Dungan revolt (1862–1877), Russia occupied the Ili region in Xinjiang ... After China successfully crushed the Dungan Rebellion, they demanded Russia withdraw from Ili, which led to the Ili crisis ... of Ch'ung-hou and for the government to stand up to Russia and declare the treaty invalid, and stated that "The Russians must be considered extremely covetous and truculent ...
... Russian is the common official language throughout Russia understood by 99% of its current inhabitants and widespread in many adjacent areas of Asia and Eastern Europe ... National subdivisions of Russia have additional official languages (see their respective articles) ... There are more than 100 languages spoken in Russia, many of which are in danger of extinction ...
... laden with grain and carrying ambassadors of Ivan III of Russia sailed to Denmark, marking the establishment of the first international seaport in Russia ... Returning from Russia in 1554, Chancellor brought a detailed description of Moscow and the Russian north, which were largely unknown to Europe, as well as a letter from the Tsar expressing ... the Muscovy Company to trade with Russia via the White Sea route ...
... Tourism in Russia has seen rapid growth since the late Soviet times, first domestic tourism and then international tourism, fueled by the rich cultural heritage and ... Major tourist routes in Russia include a journey around the Golden Ring of ancient cities, cruises on the big rivers like the Volga, and long journeys on the famous Trans-Siberian ... The most visited destinations in Russia are Moscow and Saint Petersburg, the current and the former capitals of the country ...
More definitions of "Russia":
- (noun): A federation in northeastern Europe and northern Asia; formerly Soviet Russia; since 1991 an independent state.
Synonyms: Russian Federation
- (noun): Formerly the largest Soviet Socialist Republic in the USSR occupying eastern Europe and northern Asia.
Synonyms: Soviet Russia, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic
- (noun): A former empire in eastern Europe and northern Asia created in the 14th century with Moscow as the capital; powerful in 17-18th centuries under Peter the Great and Catherine the Great when Saint Petersburg was the capital; overthrown by revolution in 1917.
Famous quotes containing the word russia:
“In Russia there is an emigration of intelligence: émigrés cross the frontier in order to read and to write good books. But in doing so they contribute to making their fatherland, abandoned by spirit, into the gaping jaws of Asia that would like to swallow our little Europe.”
—Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900)
“In my opinion it is harmful to place important things in the hands of philanthropy, which in Russia is marked by a chance character. Nor should important matters depend on leftovers, which are never there. I would prefer that the government treasury take care of it.”
—Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (18601904)
“To the Japanese, Portugal and Russia are neutral enemies, England and America are belligerent enemies, and Germany and her satellites are friendly enemies. They draw very fine distinctions.”
—Jerome Cady, U.S. screenwriter, and Lewis Milestone. Peter Voroshevski (Howard Clinton?)