Planning (also called forethought) is the process of thinking about and organizing the activities required to achieve a desired goal. Planning involves the creation and maintenance of a plan. As such, planning is a fundamental property of intelligent behavior. This thought process is essential to the creation and refinement of a plan, or integration of it with other plans; that is, it combines forecasting of developments with the preparation of scenarios of how to react to them. An important, albeit often ignored aspect of planning, is the relationship it holds with forecasting. Forecasting can be described as predicting what the future will look like, whereas planning predicts what the future should look like. The counterpart to planning is spontaneous order.
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Some articles on planning:
... The "dark side of planning" is a term used by planning scholars to distinguish actual planning from ideal planning ... political power influences rationality in planning (Flyvbjerg 1991, 1998) ... Flyvbjerg defined the dark side of planning as the real rationalities that planners employ in planning practice, as opposed to the ideal rationalities of the benevolent planners that often inhabit planning ...
... governments have four main functions executive, legislative, comptroller, and planning ... Finally, planning is represented by the Local Public Planning Council, which manages development projects for the municipality ...
... the war openly." On 7 January 1971 MACV was authorized to begin detailed planning for an attack against PAVN Base Areas 604 and 611 ... and the uncanny ability of communist agents to uncover operational information, the planning phase lasted only a few weeks and was divided between. 101st Airborne Division, "Planning was rushed, handicapped by security restrictions, and conducted separately and in isolation by the Vietnamese and the Americans." The ...
... In most correctional facilities, if planning for re-entry takes place at all, it only begins a few weeks or months before an inmate is released ... process is often referred to as release planning or transition planning and its parameters may be largely limited to helping a person identify a place to stay upon ...
... The American Planning Association (APA) is a professional organization representing the field of city and regional planning in the United States ... in 1978 when two separate professional planning organizations, the American Institute of Planners and the American Society of Planning Officials, were merged into a single organization ... The association also publishes the Journal of the American Planning Association ("JAPA", ISSN 0194-4363) ...
More definitions of "planning":
- (noun): The act or process of drawing up plans or layouts for some project or enterprise.
Famous quotes containing the word planning:
“Sensuality takes planning and work.”
—Mason Cooley (b. 1927)
“Play for young children is not recreation activity,... It is not leisure-time activity nor escape activity.... Play is thinking time for young children. It is language time. Problem-solving time. It is memory time, planning time, investigating time. It is organization-of-ideas time, when the young child uses his mind and body and his social skills and all his powers in response to the stimuli he has met.”
—James L. Hymes, Jr. (20th century)
“When we are planning for posterity, we ought to remember that virtue is not hereditary.”
—Thomas Paine (17371809)