Planning (also called forethought) is the process of thinking about and organizing the activities required to achieve a desired goal. Planning involves the creation and maintenance of a plan. As such, planning is a fundamental property of intelligent behavior. This thought process is essential to the creation and refinement of a plan, or integration of it with other plans; that is, it combines forecasting of developments with the preparation of scenarios of how to react to them. An important, albeit often ignored aspect of planning, is the relationship it holds with forecasting. Forecasting can be described as predicting what the future will look like, whereas planning predicts what the future should look like. The counterpart to planning is spontaneous order.
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Some articles on planning:
... The American Planning Association (APA) is a professional organization representing the field of city and regional planning in the United States ... The APA was formed in 1978 when two separate professional planning organizations, the American Institute of Planners and the American Society of Planning Officials, were merged into a single organization ... The association also publishes the Journal of the American Planning Association ("JAPA", ISSN 0194-4363) ...
... In most correctional facilities, if planning for re-entry takes place at all, it only begins a few weeks or months before an inmate is released ... This process is often referred to as release planning or transition planning and its parameters may be largely limited to helping a person identify a place to stay upon release and, possibly, a ...
... The "dark side of planning" is a term used by planning scholars to distinguish actual planning from ideal planning ... based on research of how political power influences rationality in planning (Flyvbjerg 1991, 1998) ... Flyvbjerg defined the dark side of planning as the real rationalities that planners employ in planning practice, as opposed to the ideal rationalities of the benevolent planners that often inhabit ...
... municipal governments have four main functions executive, legislative, comptroller, and planning ... Finally, planning is represented by the Local Public Planning Council, which manages development projects for the municipality ...
1971 MACV was authorized to begin detailed planning for an attack against PAVN Base Areas 604 and 611 ... ability of communist agents to uncover operational information, the planning phase lasted only a few weeks and was divided between the American and Vietnamese high commands. 101st Airborne Division, "Planning was rushed, handicapped by security restrictions, and conducted separately and in isolation by the Vietnamese and the Americans." The decisions had been made at the ...
More definitions of "planning":
- (noun): The cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening.
Example: "His planning for retirement was hindered by several uncertainties"
Synonyms: preparation, provision
- (noun): An act of formulating a program for a definite course of action.
Example: "The planning was more fun than the trip itself"
Famous quotes containing the word planning:
“Few men in our history have ever obtained the Presidency by planning to obtain it.”
—James A. Garfield (18311881)
“In preparing for battle I have always found that plans are useless, but planning is indispensable.”
—Dwight D. Eisenhower (18901969)
“When we are planning for posterity, we ought to remember that virtue is not hereditary.”
—Thomas Paine (17371809)