What is pediment?

  • (noun): A triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof.

Pediment

A pediment is a classical architectural element consisting of the triangular section found above the horizontal structure (entablature), typically supported by columns. The gable end of the pediment is surrounded by the cornice moulding. The tympanum, or triangular area within the pediment, was often decorated with sculptures and reliefs demonstrating scenes of Greek and Roman mythology or allegorical figures.

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Some articles on pediment:

Chapel Royal, Brighton - Architecture
... in a broadly Classical style, with rounded sash windows and a pediment with the Prince's coat of arms ... Street to be widened, involved replacing the stucco with red brick, enlarging the pediment and giving the new south elevation a similar appearance ... neither as tall nor as long as the east side (facing Prince's Place), and has no pediment, but was otherwise very similar until the alterations of 1995 changed the entrance area and added more glass to make ...
Basilica Di San Zeno - Exterior - Façade
... is divided into three vertical components, the central nave surmounted by a pediment and the two aisle with sloping rooflines, all supported upon small pendented blind arcades ... are marked by angled pilasters ending in foliate capitals below the pediment ... visually through the colonettes and into the pediment ...
St John The Baptist's Church, Brighton - Architecture
... is Classical in style, with a stuccoed exterior and a large pediment above the entrance ... the two sets of pilasters have small pediments and two deep-set windows above them ... Below the main pediment and dentil cornice is a Latin inscription DEO SUB INVOC ...
Edme Gaulle - Life
... on the restoration of the bas-relief of the pediment of the Panthéon de Paris, realised by David d'Angers in 1830 ... This pediment was originally sculpted by his master Moitte in 1793 and was practically destroyed in 1822, with Edme Gaulle succeeding in conserving the fragments that were left ... He had made several sketches of the pediment before its destruction, but had been unable to prevent it ...
Apollon Of Olympia
... of Olympia was part of the group of sculptures found in the west pediment of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia ... it with another name the Apollon from the west pediment ... The sculptures of the west pediment depicted the battle of the Lapiths against the Centaurs, following the wedding feast of Peirithous and Hippodamia ...