What is Near East?

  • (noun): The area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century.
    Synonyms: Middle East, Mideast

Near East

The Near East (French: Proche-Orient) is a geographical term that covers different countries for geographers, archeologists, and historians, on the one hand, and for political scientists, economists, and journalists, on the other. The term originally applied to the maximum extent of the Ottoman Empire, which had been settled to the north by the Great Turkish War of the late 17th century, ending with the Treaty of Karlowitz, June 26, 1699. This war determined that Austria, Hungary and the Ukraine would not be in the Ottoman Empire and therefore ultimately would not be Near Eastern.

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Some articles on Near East:

Levant - Etymology
... first appeared in English in 1497, originally meant the East in general or "Mediterranean lands east of Italy" ... Most notably, "Orient" and its Latin source oriens meaning "east", is literally "rising", deriving from Latin orior "rise" ...
Interstate 78 - Auxiliary Routes
... New Jersey, and was to intersect I-78 at the east end of the Williamsburg Bridge in Brooklyn ... to Interstate 95, while Interstate 278 east of I-895 was I-878 ... for part of New York State Route 878, a short east–west freeway on the north edge of Kennedy Airport ...
Middle East
... The Middle East (Arabic الشرق الأوسط, alshrq alāwsṭ Armenian Միջին Արևելք, Merdzavor Arevelk’ Azerbaijani Orta Şərq French Moyen-Orient Georgia ... The term is considered to be Eurocentric and used as a synonym for Near East, in opposition to Far East ... The largest ethnic group in the middle east are Arabs ...
Rædwald Of East Anglia - Sources
... survived that were written by the Anglo-Saxons in England and East Anglia has even less documentary evidence than most of the kingdoms that existed at that time ... historian Barbara Yorke has suggested that the reason for the paucity of East Anglian sources was almost certainly the Viking expansion in the 9th century and that ... The devastation in East Anglia caused by the Vikings is thought to have destroyed all the books and charters that may have been kept there ...
Rædwald Of East Anglia
... Raedwald or Redwald, (died around 624) was a 7th century king of East Anglia, a long-lived Anglo-Saxon kingdom which today includes the English counties of Norfolk and Suffolk ... He was the son of Tytila of East Anglia and a member of the Wuffingas dynasty (named after his grandfather, Wuffa), who were the first kings of the ... primarily because the Viking invasions of the 9th century destroyed the monasteries in East Anglia, where many documents would have been kept ...

Famous quotes containing the word east:

    Biography is a very definite region bounded on the north by history, on the south by fiction, on the east by obituary, and on the west by tedium.
    Philip Guedalla (1889–1944)

    It is the business of thought to define things, to find the boundaries; thought, indeed, is a ceaseless process of definition. It is the business of Art to give things shape. Anyone who takes no delight in the firm outline of an object, or in its essential character, has no artistic sense.... He cannot even be nourished by Art. Like Ephraim, he feeds upon the East wind, which has no boundaries.
    Vance Palmer (1885–1959)