Material is anything made of matter, constituted of one or more substances. Wood, cement, hydrogen, air and water are all examples of materials. Sometimes the term "material" is used more narrowly to refer to substances or components with certain physical properties that are used as inputs to production or manufacturing. In this sense, materials are the parts required to make something else, from buildings and art to stars and computers.
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Some articles on material:
... In materials science, ductility is a solid material's ability to deform under tensile stress this is often characterized by the material's ability to be stretched into a wire ... Malleability, a similar property, is a material's ability to deform under compressive stress this is often characterized by the material's ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or rolling ... aspects of plasticity, the extent to which a solid material can be plastically deformed without fracture ...
... through either absorption or adsorption with the absorbing or adsorbing material becoming physically 'changed' somewhat, by an increase in volume, stickiness, or other ... A hydroscopic material will tend to become damp and "cake" when exposed to moist air (such as salt in salt shakers during humid weather) ... Because of their affinity for atmospheric moisture, hygroscopic materials might necessitate their being stored in sealed containers ...
... publicly demonstrated it at the 1862 International Exhibition in London, calling the material he produced "Parkesine." Derived from cellulose, Parkesine could ... In 1868, American inventor John Wesley Hyatt developed a plastic material he named Celluloid, improving on Parkes' invention so that it could be processed into finished form ... This machine also allowed material to be mixed before injection, so that colored or recycled plastic could be added to virgin material and mixed thoroughly before ...
... The material's unique properties have found niche use in medical and scientific applications ... A number of other brands (such as Power Putty and TheraPutty) alter the material's properties, offering different levels of resistance ... The material is also used therapeutically for stress reduction ...
... happens when the deformations are large or if the material changes its properties under deformations ... An anelastic material is a special case of a viscoelastic material an anelastic material will fully recover to its original state on the removal of load ...
More definitions of "material":
- (adj): Having material or physical form or substance.
- (noun): The tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object.
Example: "Coal is a hard black material"
- (noun): Information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form.
Example: "The archives provided rich material for a definitive biography"
- (noun): Artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers.
Example: "She measured off enough material for a dress"
Synonyms: fabric, cloth, textile
- (adj): Directly relevant to a matter especially a law case.
Example: "His support made a material difference"; "evidence material to the issue at hand"; "facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts"; "a material witness"
- (noun): A person judged suitable for admission or employment.
Example: "He was university material"; "she was vice-presidential material"
- (noun): Things needed for doing or making something.
Example: "Writing materials"; "useful teaching materials"
- (adj): Concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being.
Example: "Material needs"; "the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"- T.Roosevelt
- (adj): Having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary.
Synonyms: substantial, real
- (adj): Derived from or composed of matter.
Example: "The material universe"
Famous quotes containing the word material:
“It may be possible to do without dancing entirely. Instances have been known of young people passing many, many months successively, without being at any ball of any description, and no material injury accrue either to body or mind; Mbut when a beginning is madewhen felicities of rapid motion have once been, though slightly, feltit must be a very heavy set that does not ask for more.”
—Jane Austen (17751817)
“Since art is the expression of beauty and beauty can be understood only in the form of the material elements of the true idea it contains, art has become almost uniquely feminine. Beauty is woman, and also art is woman.”
—Rémy De Gourmont (18581915)
“A philistine is a full-grown person whose interests are of a material and commonplace nature, and whose mentality is formed of the stock ideas and conventional ideals of his or her group and time.”
—Vladimir Nabokov (18991977)