Material is anything made of matter, constituted of one or more substances. Wood, cement, hydrogen, air and water are all examples of materials. Sometimes the term "material" is used more narrowly to refer to substances or components with certain physical properties that are used as inputs to production or manufacturing. In this sense, materials are the parts required to make something else, from buildings and art to stars and computers.
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Some articles on material:
... It usually happens when the deformations are large or if the material changes its properties under deformations ... An anelastic material is a special case of a viscoelastic material an anelastic material will fully recover to its original state on the removal of load ...
... In materials science, ductility is a solid material's ability to deform under tensile stress this is often characterized by the material's ability to be stretched into a wire ... Malleability, a similar property, is a material's ability to deform under compressive stress this is often characterized by the material's ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or ... are aspects of plasticity, the extent to which a solid material can be plastically deformed without fracture ...
... or adsorption with the absorbing or adsorbing material becoming physically 'changed' somewhat, by an increase in volume, stickiness, or other physical ... A hydroscopic material will tend to become damp and "cake" when exposed to moist air (such as salt in salt shakers during humid weather) ... affinity for atmospheric moisture, hygroscopic materials might necessitate their being stored in sealed containers ...
... The material's unique properties have found niche use in medical and scientific applications ... A number of other brands (such as Power Putty and TheraPutty) alter the material's properties, offering different levels of resistance ... The material is also used therapeutically for stress reduction ...
1862 International Exhibition in London, calling the material he produced "Parkesine." Derived from cellulose, Parkesine could be heated, molded, and retain its shape when cooled ... inventor John Wesley Hyatt developed a plastic material he named Celluloid, improving on Parkes' invention so that it could be processed into finished form ... This machine also allowed material to be mixed before injection, so that colored or recycled plastic could be added to virgin material and mixed thoroughly ...
More definitions of "material":
- (adj): Derived from or composed of matter.
Example: "The material universe"
- (noun): Artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers.
Example: "She measured off enough material for a dress"
Synonyms: fabric, cloth, textile
- (adj): Having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary.
Synonyms: substantial, real
- (noun): The tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object.
Example: "Coal is a hard black material"
- (adj): Having material or physical form or substance.
- (noun): Information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form.
Example: "The archives provided rich material for a definitive biography"
- (adj): Concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being.
Example: "Material needs"; "the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"- T.Roosevelt
- (noun): Things needed for doing or making something.
Example: "Writing materials"; "useful teaching materials"
- (adj): Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests.
Example: "Material possessions"; "material wealth"; "material comforts"
- (adj): Directly relevant to a matter especially a law case.
Example: "His support made a material difference"; "evidence material to the issue at hand"; "facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts"; "a material witness"
Famous quotes containing the word material:
“Possibly the Creator did not make the world chiefly for the purpose of providing studies for gifted novelists; but if he had done so, we can scarcely imagine that He could have offered anything much better in the way of material ...”
—Elizabeth Stuart Phelps (18441911)
“If someone took the finest marble and knew how to shape it artfully: Prometheus material was lowly clay, but his statues walked.”
—Franz Grillparzer (17911872)
“We must accept or refuse one another as we are. I could tame a hyena more easily than my Friend. He is a material which no tool of mine will work.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)