Material is anything made of matter, constituted of one or more substances. Wood, cement, hydrogen, air and water are all examples of materials. Sometimes the term "material" is used more narrowly to refer to substances or components with certain physical properties that are used as inputs to production or manufacturing. In this sense, materials are the parts required to make something else, from buildings and art to stars and computers.
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Some articles on material:
... absorption or adsorption with the absorbing or adsorbing material becoming physically 'changed' somewhat, by an increase in volume, stickiness, or other physical characteristic ... A hydroscopic material will tend to become damp and "cake" when exposed to moist air (such as salt in salt shakers during humid weather) ... Because of their affinity for atmospheric moisture, hygroscopic materials might necessitate their being stored in sealed containers ...
... when the deformations are large or if the material changes its properties under deformations ... An anelastic material is a special case of a viscoelastic material an anelastic material will fully recover to its original state on the removal of load ...
... The material's unique properties have found niche use in medical and scientific applications ... brands (such as Power Putty and TheraPutty) alter the material's properties, offering different levels of resistance ... The material is also used therapeutically for stress reduction ...
... demonstrated it at the 1862 International Exhibition in London, calling the material he produced "Parkesine." Derived from cellulose, Parkesine could be heated, molded, and ... John Wesley Hyatt developed a plastic material he named Celluloid, improving on Parkes' invention so that it could be processed into finished form ... This machine also allowed material to be mixed before injection, so that colored or recycled plastic could be added to virgin material and mixed thoroughly ...
... In materials science, ductility is a solid material's ability to deform under tensile stress this is often characterized by the material's ability to be stretched ... Malleability, a similar property, is a material's ability to deform under compressive stress this is often characterized by the material's ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or rolling ... are aspects of plasticity, the extent to which a solid material can be plastically deformed without fracture ...
More definitions of "material":
- (noun): Information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form.
Example: "The archives provided rich material for a definitive biography"
- (noun): Artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers.
Example: "She measured off enough material for a dress"
Synonyms: fabric, cloth, textile
- (adj): Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests.
Example: "Material possessions"; "material wealth"; "material comforts"
- (adj): Having material or physical form or substance.
- (adj): Derived from or composed of matter.
Example: "The material universe"
- (adj): Having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary.
Synonyms: substantial, real
- (adj): Directly relevant to a matter especially a law case.
Example: "His support made a material difference"; "evidence material to the issue at hand"; "facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts"; "a material witness"
- (noun): A person judged suitable for admission or employment.
Example: "He was university material"; "she was vice-presidential material"
- (noun): Things needed for doing or making something.
Example: "Writing materials"; "useful teaching materials"
- (adj): Concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being.
Example: "Material needs"; "the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"- T.Roosevelt
Famous quotes containing the word material:
“We have not the slightest idea that women are made of such light material that the breath of any fool or knave may blow them on the rocks of ruin.”
—Jane Grey Swisshelm (18151884)
“A material resurrection seems strange and even absurd except for purposes of punishment, and all punishment which is to revenge rather than correct must be morally wrong, and when the World is at an end, what moral or warning purpose can eternal tortures answer?”
—George Gordon Noel Byron (17881824)
“The only happy talkers are dandies who extract pleasure from the very perishability of their material and who would not be able to tolerate the isolation of all other forms of composition; for most good talkers, when they have run down, are miserable; they know that they have betrayed themselves, that they have taken material which should have a life of its own, to dispense it in noises upon the air.”
—Cyril Connolly (19031974)