Material is anything made of matter, constituted of one or more substances. Wood, cement, hydrogen, air and water are all examples of materials. Sometimes the term "material" is used more narrowly to refer to substances or components with certain physical properties that are used as inputs to production or manufacturing. In this sense, materials are the parts required to make something else, from buildings and art to stars and computers.
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Some articles on material:
1862 International Exhibition in London, calling the material he produced "Parkesine." Derived from cellulose, Parkesine could be heated, molded, and retain its shape when cooled ... inventor John Wesley Hyatt developed a plastic material he named Celluloid, improving on Parkes' invention so that it could be processed into finished form ... This machine also allowed material to be mixed before injection, so that colored or recycled plastic could be added to virgin material and mixed thoroughly before being injected ...
... The material's unique properties have found niche use in medical and scientific applications ... (such as Power Putty and TheraPutty) alter the material's properties, offering different levels of resistance ... The material is also used therapeutically for stress reduction ...
... In materials science, ductility is a solid material's ability to deform under tensile stress this is often characterized by the material's ability to be stretched into a wire ... Malleability, a similar property, is a material's ability to deform under compressive stress this is often characterized by the material's ability to form a thin sheet by hammering or ... of these mechanical properties are aspects of plasticity, the extent to which a solid material can be plastically deformed without fracture ...
... It usually happens when the deformations are large or if the material changes its properties under deformations ... An anelastic material is a special case of a viscoelastic material an anelastic material will fully recover to its original state on the removal of load ...
... achieved through either absorption or adsorption with the absorbing or adsorbing material becoming physically 'changed' somewhat, by an increase in volume ... A hydroscopic material will tend to become damp and "cake" when exposed to moist air (such as salt in salt shakers during humid weather) ... Because of their affinity for atmospheric moisture, hygroscopic materials might necessitate their being stored in sealed containers ...
More definitions of "material":
- (noun): The tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object.
Example: "Coal is a hard black material"
- (noun): Artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers.
Example: "She measured off enough material for a dress"
Synonyms: fabric, cloth, textile
- (adj): Directly relevant to a matter especially a law case.
Example: "His support made a material difference"; "evidence material to the issue at hand"; "facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts"; "a material witness"
- (adj): Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests.
Example: "Material possessions"; "material wealth"; "material comforts"
- (noun): Things needed for doing or making something.
Example: "Writing materials"; "useful teaching materials"
- (adj): Having material or physical form or substance.
- (noun): A person judged suitable for admission or employment.
Example: "He was university material"; "she was vice-presidential material"
- (adj): Concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being.
Example: "Material needs"; "the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"- T.Roosevelt
- (adj): Having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary.
Synonyms: substantial, real
- (adj): Derived from or composed of matter.
Example: "The material universe"
Famous quotes containing the word material:
“Decisive inventions and discoveries always are initiated by an intellectual or moral stimulus as their actual motivating force, but, usually, the final impetus to human action is given by material impulses ... merchants stood as a driving force behind the heroes of the age of discovery; this first heroic impulse to conquer the world emanated from very mortal forcesin the beginning, there was spice.”
—Stefan Zweig (18811942)
“Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to its root, is found to be borrowed from some material appearance.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“To-day ... when material prosperity and well earned ease and luxury are assured facts from a national standpoint, womans work and womans influence are needed as never before; needed to bring a heart power into this money getting, dollar-worshipping civilization; needed to bring a moral force into the utilitarian motives and interests of the time; needed to stand for God and Home and Native Land versus gain and greed and grasping selfishness.”
—Anna Julia Cooper (18591964)