Language is the human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication, and a language is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics. It is impossible to know precisely how many languages there are in the world, and the number depends on a partly arbitrary distinction between languages and dialects. However, estimates vary between around 6,000 and 7,000 languages in number. Natural languages are spoken or signed, but any language can be encoded into secondary media using auditory, visual or tactile stimuli, for example in graphic writing, braille, or whistling. This is because human language is modality-independent. When used as a general concept, "language" may refer to the cognitive ability to learn and use systems of complex communication, or to describe the set of rules that makes up these systems, or the set of utterances that can be produced from those rules.
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Some articles on language:
... shares a considerable amount of its lexicon with these languages ... Other languages which have been in positions of power, such as Ottoman Turkish and increasingly English also provide a significant proportion of the loan words ... Prestige languages, such as Old Church Slavonic, which occupies a relationship to modern Macedonian comparable to the relationship of medieval Latin to modern Romance languages, and ...
... Film is considered to have its own language ... Ingmar Bergman famously said, " Tarkovsky for me is the greatest, the one who invented a new language, true to the nature of film, as it captures life as a reflection, life as a dream." Examples of the ...
... Arabic is the native language of majorities from Mauritania to Oman, and from Iraq to the Sudan ... As the language of the Qur'an and as a lingua franca, it is studied widely in the non-Arabic-speaking Muslim world as well ... almost universal use of Arabic script is the Maltese language, genetically a descendant of the extinct Sicilian Arabic dialect ...
... Language endangerment occurs when a language is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language ... Language loss occurs when the language has no more native speakers, and becomes a dead language ... If eventually no one speaks the language at all, it becomes an extinct language ...
... Macedonian (македонски јазик, makedonski jazik, ) is a South Slavic language, spoken as a first language by approximately 2–3 million ... It is the official language of the Republic of Macedonia and an official minority language in parts of Albania, Romania and Serbia ... was implemented as the official language of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia in 1945 and has since developed a thriving literary tradition ...
More definitions of "language":
- (noun): (language) communication by word of mouth.
Example: "He uttered harsh language"; "he recorded the spoken language of the streets"
Synonyms: speech, speech communication, spoken communication, spoken language, voice communication, oral communication
- (noun): A system of words used in a particular discipline.
Example: "The language of sociology"
Synonyms: terminology, nomenclature
- (noun): The mental faculty or power of vocal communication.
Example: "Language sets homo sapiens apart from all other animals"
- (noun): A systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols.
Example: "The language introduced is standard throughout the text"; "the speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language in which it is written"
Synonyms: linguistic communication
- (noun): The cognitive processes involved in producing and understanding linguistic communication.
Example: "He didn't have the language to express his feelings"
Synonyms: linguistic process
Famous quotes containing the word language:
“We might hypothetically possess ourselves of every technological resource on the North American continent, but as long as our language is inadequate, our vision remains formless, our thinking and feeling are still running in the old cycles, our process may be revolutionary but not transformative.”
—Adrienne Rich (b. 1929)
“There is no such thing as an ugly language. Today I hear every language as if it were the only one, and when I hear of one that is dying, it overwhelms me as though it were the death of the earth.”
—Elias Canetti (b. 1905)
“I am always sorry when any language is lost, because languages are the pedigree of nations.”
—Samuel Johnson (17091784)