What is Judaism?

  • (noun): The monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud.
    See also — Additional definitions below


Judaism (from the Latin Iudaismus, derived from the Greek Ioudaïsmos, and ultimately from the Hebrew יהודה, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew: יהדות, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) is the religion, philosophy and way of life of the Jewish people. A monotheistic religion originating in the Hebrew Bible (also known as the Tanakh) and explored in later texts such as the Talmud, Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenantal relationship God established with the Children of Israel. Rabbinic Judaism holds that God revealed his laws and commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai in the form of both the Written and Oral Torah. Historically, this assertion was challenged by various groups such as the Sadducees and Hellenistic Judaism during the Second Temple period; the Karaites and Sabbateans during the early and later medieval period; and among segments of the modern reform movements. Liberal movements in modern times such as Humanistic Judaism may be nontheistic.

Read more about Judaism.

Some articles on Judaism:

History Of The Jews In France - Middle Ages - The First Capets (987–1137) - Rashi
... The great figure which dominates the second half of the 11th century, as well as the whole rabbinical history of France, was the Ashkenazi Rabbi Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki) of Troyes (1040–1106) ... He personified the genius of northern French Judaism its devoted attachment to tradition its untroubled faith its piety, ardent but free from mysticism ...
Open Source Judaism
... Open Source Judaism is a small movement within the Jewish community that uses open collaboration to create works about or for Judaism ... The movement was proposed in and inspired by the 2003 book Nothing Sacred The Truth about Judaism by Douglas Rushkoff ...
Judaism and Other Religions - Syncretic Movements Incorporating Judaism
... There are some movements that combine elements of Judaism with those of other religions ... The most well-known of these is Messianic Judaism, which arose in the 1960s ... movements reject this, stating that Messianic Judaism is a Christian sect ...
History Of The Jews In France - Roman-Gallic Epoch
... on the talk page Part of a series on Jews and Judaism Etymology Who is a Jew? Jewish peoplehood Jewish identity Religion God in Judaism Names Principles of faith Mitzvot 613 Halakha Shabbat Holidays ...
Religion In The Soviet Union - Policy Toward Religions in Practice - Policy Towards Judaism
... ethnic anti-Semitism abhorrent, the regime was hostile toward Judaism from the beginning ... socialist literature and arts would replace Judaism as the quintessence of its culture ... The practice of Judaism became very difficult, intensifying the desire of Jews to leave the Soviet Union ...

More definitions of "Judaism":

  • (noun): Jews collectively who practice a religion based on the Torah and the Talmud.
    Synonyms: Hebraism, Jewish religion

Famous quotes containing the word judaism:

    Christianity is the religion of melancholy and hypochondria. Islam, on the other hand, promotes apathy, and Judaism instills its adherents with a certain choleric vehemence, the heathen Greeks may well be called happy optimists.
    Franz Grillparzer (1791–1872)