Irish Free State
The Irish Free State (Irish: Saorstát Éireann ; 6 December 1922 – 1937) was the state established in 1922 as a dominion under the Anglo-Irish Treaty signed by British and Irish representatives exactly twelve months beforehand. On the day the Irish Free State was established, it comprised the entire island of Ireland, but Northern Ireland almost immediately exercised its right under the treaty to remove itself from the new state. The Irish Free State effectively replaced both the self-proclaimed Irish Republic (founded 21 January 1919) and the Provisional Government of Southern Ireland. W. T. Cosgrave, the first President of the Irish Free State had led both of these "governments" since August 1922.
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Some articles on Irish Free State:
... government as a catalyst to amend the Constitution of the Irish Free State by eliminating all but one of the King's official duties. 27) Act and, on 12 December, the External Relations Act, which provided that the Irish monarch would represent Ireland "for the purposes of external ... all references to the monarch and the Governor-General were eliminated when the majority of Irish people ratified the Constitution of Ireland ...
... It is adopted by Canada, the Irish Free State, Newfoundland, and the Union of South Africa. 27) Act 1936 of the Irish Free State comes into effect, removing reference to the King in the Constitution. 12 December The Irish Free State passes the Executive Authority (External Relations) Act 1936, resurrecting the office of king and recognising George VI as Edward VIII's ...
... The state was named Ireland (Éire in the Irish language), and a new office of President of Ireland was instituted in place of the Governor-General of the Irish Free State ... A small but significant minority of Irish people, usually attached to parties like Sinn Féin and the smaller Republican Sinn Féin, denied the right of the twenty-six county ...
... A particular dispute arose between the Government of the Irish Free State of the one part and the Northern Ireland and UK Governments of the other part over territorial waters in Lough Foyle ... Londonderry in Northern Ireland and County Donegal in the then Irish Free State ... A court case in the Free State in 1923 relating to fishing rights in Lough Foyle held that the Free State’s territorial waters ran right up to the shore ...
... Following the Anglo-Irish Treaty, he was appointed Deputy Director of Intelligence in the new State and assigned to the Criminal Investigation Department based at Oriel House ... In October 1922, Tobin's brother Nicholas, a Free State captain, was accidentally shot dead by his own troops during the raid and capture a bomb making factory in Gerdiner Street, Dublin ... With the outbreak of the Irish Civil War he remained loyal to Collins and took the Pro-Treaty side ...
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