What is espionage?

  • (noun): The systematic use of spies to get military or political secrets.


Espionage or spying involves a government or individual obtaining information that is considered secret or confidential without the permission of the holder of the information. Espionage is inherently clandestine, as it is taken for granted that it is unwelcome and, in many cases illegal and punishable by law. It is a subset of intelligence gathering—which otherwise may be conducted from public sources and using perfectly legal and ethical means. It is crucial to distinguish espionage from intelligence gathering, as the latter does not necessarily involve espionage, but often collates open-source information. When successful, however espionage always produces intelligence.

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Some articles on espionage:

Asbjørn Sunde - Post-war Activities - Conviction For Treason and Espionage
... operation against Sunde, leading to his arrest five years later on suspicion of espionage ... In 1954 Sunde was convicted for treason and espionage for the Soviet Union, and sentenced to 8 years imprisonment ...
American Espionage In The Soviet Union - American and Soviet Espionage - Punishments and Internal Affairs
... Due to the increased levels of Soviet espionage, the United States Congress desired to issue the death penalty to both foreign and internal spies to ... option after the incident with John Walker, a nuclear submarine radioman, who was accused of espionage during peacetime by a military officer ... The death penalty could be issued to American militants if they were participating in serious espionage involving the following secrets Nuclear weaponry Military spacecraft or satellites ...
American Espionage In The Soviet Union - American and Soviet Espionage
... Throughout the Cold War, acts of espionage, or spying, became prevalent as tension between the United States and Soviet Union increased ... The KGB, Soviet military group, made use of espionage primarily at the American Embassy in the Soviet Union ... Punishments for espionage in the United States were harsh and involved a quickly issued death penalty, especially the cases that involved betraying one’s own country ...
Linn Farrish - Espionage
... Farish is referenced in the following Venona project decryption 1397 KGB New York to Moscow, 4 October 1944. ...
Espionage - Spy Fiction - Cold War Era: 1945–1991
... Cold War Espionage and Spying - 2001- essays Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin The World Was Going Our Way The KGB and the Battle for the Third World - - - Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin The ... John Earl, and Harvey Klehr Venona Decoding Soviet Espionage in America - 1999 - Helms, Richard A Look over My Shoulder A Life in the Central ... The CIA's Secret Operations Espionage, Counterespionage, and Covert Action - 1988 - Srodes, James Allen Dulles Master of Spies Regnery 2000 CIA head to 1961 Sontag Sherry ...

Famous quotes containing the word espionage:

    I cannot think that espionage can be recommended as a technique for building an impressive civilisation. It’s a lout’s game.
    Rebecca West (1892–1983)

    He hadn’t known me fifteen minutes, and yet he was ... ready to talk ... I was still to learn that Munshin, like many people from the capital, could talk openly about his personal life while remaining a dream of espionage in his business operations.
    Norman Mailer (b. 1923)