What is emancipation proclamation?

Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation is an executive order issued to the executive agencies of the United States by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War. It was based on the president's constitutional authority as commander in chief of the armed forces; it was not a law passed by Congress. It proclaimed all slaves in Confederate territory to be forever free; that is, it ordered the Army to treat as free men the slaves in ten states that were still in rebellion, thus applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves in the U.S. The Proclamation immediately resulted in the freeing of 50,000 slaves, with nearly all the rest (of the 3.1 million) actively freed as Union armies advanced. The Proclamation did not compensate the owners, did not itself outlaw slavery, and did not make the ex-slaves (called freedmen) citizens. It made the destruction of slavery an explicit war goal, in addition to the goal of reuniting the Union.

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Some articles on emancipation proclamation:

Louisville In The American Civil War - 1862-63: Louisville Under Threats of Attack - Emancipation Proclamation
... On September 22, 1862, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that as of January 1, 1863, all slaves in the rebellion states would be free ... The proclamation presaged an end to slavery ...
War Governors' Conference - History of The Meeting
... commander-in-chief wished to release a proclamation that would free the slaves in the southern states, but was afraid to do so for fear that the Union's border states still ... If he issued the proclamation prematurely, it would appear as a last cry for help to both the country and the world ... military victory so that could announce the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation ...
Presidency Of Abraham Lincoln - Emancipation Proclamation
... Lincoln implemented the new law by his "Emancipation Proclamation." Lincoln is well known for ending slavery in the United States ... The Emancipation Proclamation, announced on September 22 and put in effect January 1, 1863, freed slaves in territories not under Union control ... The proclamation made abolishing slavery in the rebel states an official war goal ...
Emancipation Proclamation - Legacy - Critiques
... unfair towards blacks, cynicism towards Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation increased ... Du Bois, James Baldwin and Julius Lester, described the proclamation as essentially worthless ... (2000), which claimed that Lincoln was a white supremacist who issued the Emancipation Proclamation in lieu of the real racial reforms for which radical abolitionists pushed ...
Opposition To The American Civil War: The Peace Movement And Draft Opposition - Northern Opposition - Draft Dodgers
... Many, however, were against the emancipation proclamation and sided with the northern Democrats ... to the Confederate Army’s increase in strength brought on by the emancipation proclamation ... of precisely why they must keep up the fight” Conversely, the emancipation changed what Union soldiers were fighting for dramatically ...

Famous quotes containing the words proclamation and/or emancipation:

    The President’s proclamation took the breath out of me this morning. He is in the hands of the Phillistines [sic] ...
    Elizabeth Blair Lee (1818–?)

    In a seriously intended intellectual emancipation a person’s mute passions and cravings also hope to find their advantage.
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)