What is disease?

  • (noun): An impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning.

Disease

A disease is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism. It is often construed to be a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs. It may be caused by external factors, such as infectious disease, or it may be caused by internal dysfunctions, such as autoimmune diseases. In humans, "disease" is often used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes pain, dysfunction, distress, social problems, or death to the person afflicted, or similar problems for those in contact with the person. In this broader sense, it sometimes includes injuries, disabilities, disorders, syndromes, infections, isolated symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function, while in other contexts and for other purposes these may be considered distinguishable categories. Diseases usually affect people not only physically, but also emotionally, as contracting and living with many diseases can alter one's perspective on life, and their personality.

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Some articles on disease:

Social and Cultural Responses - Language of Disease
... metaphors to make sense of their experiences with disease ... The metaphors move disease from an objective thing that exists to an affective experience ... The most popular metaphors draw on military concepts Disease is an enemy that must be feared, fought, battled, and routed ...
Coeliac Disease
... Coeliac disease ( /ˈsiːli.æk/ spelled celiac disease in North America and often celiac sprue) is an autoimmune disorder of the small intestine that occurs in genetically predisposed people of ... Coeliac disease is caused by a reaction to gliadin, a prolamin (gluten protein) found in wheat, and similar proteins found in the crops of the tribe Triticeae (which ... While the disease is caused by a reaction to wheat proteins, it is not the same as wheat allergy ...
Coeliac Disease - Signs and Symptoms - Miscellaneous
... Coeliac disease has been linked with a number of conditions ... In many cases, it is unclear whether the gluten-induced bowel disease is a causative factor or whether these conditions share a common predisposition ... IgA deficiency is present in 2.3% of patients with coeliac disease, and in turn, this condition features a tenfold increased risk of coeliac disease ...
Coeliac Disease - History
... in Western Asia, and it is likely that coeliac disease did not occur before this time ... The diarrhoea manifested as loose stools that were white, malodorous and flatulent, and the disease was intractable and liable to periodic return ... The cause, according to Aretaeus, was sometimes either another chronic disease or even consuming "a copious draught of cold water." The paediatrician Samuel Gee gave the first modern-day ...
Coeliac Disease - Treatment - Refractory Disease
... minority of patients suffer from refractory disease, which means they do not improve on a gluten-free diet ... This may be because the disease has been present for so long that the intestines are no longer able to heal on diet alone, or because the patient is not adhering to the diet, or because the ...

Famous quotes containing the word disease:

    Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
    —Constitution of the World Health Organization.

    ‘Tis the common disease of all your musicians that they know no mean, to be entreated, either to begin or end.
    Ben Jonson (c. 1572–1637)

    The fantasies inspired by TB in the last century, by cancer now, are responses to a disease thought to be intractable and capricious—that is, a disease not understood—in an era in which medicine’s central premise is that all diseases can be cured.
    Susan Sontag (b. 1933)