What is culture?

  • (noun): (bacteriology) the product of cultivating micro-organisms in a nutrient medium.
    See also — Additional definitions below

Culture

Culture (Latin: cultura, lit. "cultivation") is a modern concept based on a term first used in classical antiquity by the Roman orator, Cicero: "cultura animi". The term "culture" appeared first in its current sense in Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries, to connote a process of cultivation or improvement, as in agriculture or horticulture. In the 19th century, the term developed to refer first to the betterment or refinement of the individual, especially through education, and then to the fulfillment of national aspirations or ideals. In the mid-19th century, some scientists used the term "culture" to refer to a universal human capacity. For the German nonpositivist sociologist Georg Simmel, culture referred to "the cultivation of individuals through the agency of external forms which have been objectified in the course of history".

Read more about Culture.

Some articles on culture:

Yayoi Period - Features of Yayoi Culture
... Yayoi culture quickly spread to the main island of Honshū mixing with native Jōmon culture ... This was possible due to the introduction of an irrigated, wet-rice culture from the Yangtze estuary in southern China via the Ryukyu Islands or Korean ...
Vandalism - As Art
... also an integral part of modern popular culture ... May 23, 1871, Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche himself meditated about the "fight against culture", wondering what could justify culture if it were to be destroyed in ... In this case, culture cannot be legitimised by art achievements, and Nietzsche writes "I {also} know what it means fighting against culture" ...
Ancient Egypt - History - Ptolemaic Dynasty
... the power and prestige of Greek rule, and became a seat of learning and culture, centered at the famous Library of Alexandria ... Greek culture did not supplant native Egyptian culture, as the Ptolemies supported time-honored traditions in an effort to secure the loyalty of the populace ...
KAIST - Academics - Colleges - College of Cultural Science
... The College of Culture and Science is composed of two departments School of Humanities and Social Sciences and Graduate School of Culture and Technology ... The Graduate School of Culture and Technology also provides master and doctoral degree programs for the purpose of producing manpower of the nation’s cultural industry. 40 lecturers), the Graduate School of Culture and Technology also has 4 full-time faculties, 5 visiting professors, 7 adjunct professors, and 89 master students and 36 doctoral students ...
Cult Films Within A Particular Culture
... of a cult following within a particular region or culture if it has some unusual significance to that region or culture ... of The Wizard of Oz (1939) in American and British gay culture, although a widely viewed and historically important film in greater American culture ... Singin' in the Rain is another film adopted by American gay culture which used to regularly be shown during the 1980s and early 1990s for extended runs ...

More definitions of "culture":

  • (noun): The attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization.
    Example: "The developing drug culture"; "the reason that the agency is doomed to inaction has something to do with the FBI culture"
  • (noun): All the knowledge and values shared by a society.
    Synonyms: acculturation
  • (noun): The tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group.
  • (noun): The raising of plants or animals.
    Example: "The culture of oysters"
  • (noun): (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar).
    Example: "The culture of cells in a Petri dish"