Column or pillar in architecture and structural engineering is a structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below in, other word column is a compression member. For the purpose of wind or earthquake engineering, columns may be designed to resist lateral forces. Other compression members are often termed "columns" because of the similar stress conditions. Columns are frequently used to support beams or arches on which the upper parts of walls or ceilings rest. In architecture, "column" refers to such a structural element that also has certain proportional and decorative features. A column might also be a decorative element not needed for structural purposes; many columns are "engaged with", that is to say form part of a wall.
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Some articles on column:
... vessels were lashed together in an attack column of pairs, with Mississippi bringing up the rear by herself ... Genesee and Richmond were next in the column ... Monongahela and Kineo were next in the column, and, also blinded by smoke, ran aground on the western shore ...
... A Solomonic column, sometimes called "barley sugar", begins on a base and ends in a capital, which may be of any order, but the shaft twists in a tight spiral, producing a dramatic ... Solomonic columns were developed in the ancient world, but remained rare there ... baldachin, actually a ciborium (which displaced Constantine's columns), and thereafter became very popular with Baroque and Rococo church architects, above all in Latin America, where they were very often ...
... Referring to Plame's husband, though not by name, a May 6, 2003, Times column by Kristof raised the possibility the Bush administration might have disregarded prewar intelligence suggesting ... Three weeks after Kristof's column appeared, Libby started making inquiries at the State Department about the unnamed envoy in Kristof's column ...
... include 140 hp (100 kW) engine, telescopic steering column, AM/FM, FM stereo, heavy duty oil bath air cleaner precleaner system with engine shrouding ... shaft adds a U-joint and floor reinforcement to reduce risks of column intrusion in collisions ... hardtop sedan, GM Energy Absorbing steering column, dual circuit brake system, stronger door hinges introduced ...
184th Division - Wan Pao-pang 2nd Advance Column - ? 6th Kiangsi Preservation Regiment 30th Army Group - Wang Ling-chi 78th Corps - Hsia Shou-hsun New 13th Division - Liu Juo-pi New ...
More definitions of "column":
- (noun): (architeture) a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure.
- (noun): A linear array of numbers one above another.
- (noun): A line of (usually military) units following one after another.
- (noun): A vertical structure standing alone and not supporting anything (as a monument or a column of air).
- (noun): A vertical glass tube used in column chromatography; a mixture is poured in the top and washed through a stationary substance where components of the mixture are adsorbed selectively to form colored bands.
Synonyms: chromatography column
Famous quotes containing the word column:
“When other helpers fail and comforts flee, when the senses decay and the mind moves in a narrower and narrower circle, when the grasshopper is a burden and the postman brings no letters, and even the Royal Family is no longer quite what it was, an obituary column stands fast.”
—Sylvia Townsend Warner (18931978)
“Sleep sweetly in your humble graves,
Sleep, martyrs of a fallen cause;
Though yet no marble column craves
The pilgrim here to pause.”
—Henry Timrod (18281867)
“When the landscape buckles and jerks around, when a dust column of debris rises from the collapse of a block of buildings on bodies that could have been your own, when the staves of history fall awry and the barrel of time bursts apart, some turn to prayer, some to poetry: words in the memory, a stained book carried close to the body, the notebook scribbled by handa center of gravity.”
—Adrienne Rich (b. 1929)