Column or pillar in architecture and structural engineering is a structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below in, other word column is a compression member. For the purpose of wind or earthquake engineering, columns may be designed to resist lateral forces. Other compression members are often termed "columns" because of the similar stress conditions. Columns are frequently used to support beams or arches on which the upper parts of walls or ceilings rest. In architecture, "column" refers to such a structural element that also has certain proportional and decorative features. A column might also be a decorative element not needed for structural purposes; many columns are "engaged with", that is to say form part of a wall.
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Some articles on column:
... A Solomonic column, sometimes called "barley sugar", begins on a base and ends in a capital, which may be of any order, but the shaft twists in a tight spiral ... Solomonic columns were developed in the ancient world, but remained rare there ... actually a ciborium (which displaced Constantine's columns), and thereafter became very popular with Baroque and Rococo church architects, above all in Latin America ...
... Referring to Plame's husband, though not by name, a May 6, 2003, Times column by Kristof raised the possibility the Bush administration might have disregarded prewar ... Three weeks after Kristof's column appeared, Libby started making inquiries at the State Department about the unnamed envoy in Kristof's column, according to the indictment ...
... include 140 hp (100 kW) engine, telescopic steering column, AM/FM, FM stereo, heavy duty oil bath air cleaner precleaner system with engine shrouding for dust control ... shaft adds a U-joint and floor reinforcement to reduce risks of column intrusion in collisions ... Last year for the four-door hardtop sedan, GM Energy Absorbing steering column, dual circuit brake system, stronger door hinges introduced ...
... The first six vessels were lashed together in an attack column of pairs, with Mississippi bringing up the rear by herself ... Genesee and Richmond were next in the column ... Monongahela and Kineo were next in the column, and, also blinded by smoke, ran aground on the western shore ...
... An En-pu 183rd Division - Li Chao-ying 184th Division - Wan Pao-pang 2nd Advance Column - ? 6th Kiangsi Preservation Regiment 30th Army Group - Wang Ling-chi 78th Corps - Hsia Shou-hsun ...
More definitions of "column":
- (noun): Anything tall and thin approximating the shape of a column or tower.
Example: "The test tube held a column of white powder"
Synonyms: tower, pillar
- (noun): A vertical structure standing alone and not supporting anything (as a monument or a column of air).
- (noun): A linear array of numbers one above another.
- (noun): A vertical glass tube used in column chromatography; a mixture is poured in the top and washed through a stationary substance where components of the mixture are adsorbed selectively to form colored bands.
Synonyms: chromatography column
- (noun): A line of (usually military) units following one after another.
Famous quotes containing the word column:
“Sleep sweetly in your humble graves,
Sleep, martyrs of a fallen cause;
Though yet no marble column craves
The pilgrim here to pause.”
—Henry Timrod (18281867)
“I got it: Man Without Head Kills Rich Jeweler. What an eight- column spread thatd be on the front page. Why thats the greatest story since Lindbergh flew to Paris. Oh boy, if only it was true.”
—P. J. Wolfson, John L. Balderston (18991954)
“When other helpers fail and comforts flee, when the senses decay and the mind moves in a narrower and narrower circle, when the grasshopper is a burden and the postman brings no letters, and even the Royal Family is no longer quite what it was, an obituary column stands fast.”
—Sylvia Townsend Warner (18931978)