A castle (from Latin castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by nobility. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle, but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble. This is distinct from a palace, which is not fortified; from a fortress, which was not always a residence for nobility; and from a fortified settlement, which was a public defence – though there are many similarities among these types of construction. Usage of the term has varied over time and has been applied to structures as diverse as hill forts and country houses. Over the approximately 900 years that castles were built they took on a great many forms with many different features, although some, such as curtain walls and arrowslits, were commonplace.
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Some articles on castle:
... In the centre of Gemert stands a castle of which the oldest parts date back to the Late Middle Ages, although it has been rebuilt a couple of times ... It was founded by German knights who lived in the castle for several hundred years, however these days it is occupied by monks and nuns ... The predecessor of this castle was a motte-and-bailey located further to the west and was discovered in 1995 ...
... Nobuhide took Nagoya Castle in 1525 (it was given to Nobunaga in 1542), and built Furuwatari Castle ... Oda Nobutomo held Kiyosu Castle, but he was besieged and killed in 1555 by his nephew Oda Nobunaga who operated from Nagoya Castle ...
... Castle Howe, Kendal’s undisputed first castle, lies on the hill side overlooking the town ... are sandwiched between Gillinggate and Beast Banks Kendal Castle, to the east of the earthworks, probably built while Castle Howe was still being used Friends' Meeting House, home of the Quaker ...
... Medieval warfare As a static structure, castles could often be avoided ... Garrisons were expensive and as a result often small unless the castle was important ... peace time garrisons were smaller, and small castles were manned by perhaps a couple of watchmen and gate-guards ...
... Anna Maria Freiin von Rauber, who did not only live at their Medija Castle in Izlake but also had a town residence in Ljubljana at the Old Square ... were Freiherr (Baron) Konrad Ruess von Ruessenstein from the Strmol Castle and Regina Dorothea Rasp from the Krumperk Castle ... in 1672, Valvasor acquired the Bogenšperk Castle near Litija, where he arranged a writing, drawing and printing workshop ...
More definitions of "castle":
- (noun): Interchanging the positions of the king and a rook.
- (noun): A large and stately mansion.
- (noun): (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard.
- (verb): Move the king two squares toward a rook and in the same move the rook to the square next past the king.