What is aorist?

  • (noun): A verb tense in some languages (classical Greek and Sanskrit) expressing action (especially past action) without indicating its completion or continuation.

Aorist

Aorist ( /ˈeɪ.ərɨst/; abbreviated AOR) is a philological term originally from Indo-European studies, referring to verb forms of various languages that are not necessarily related or similar in meaning. In Indo-European languages such as Greek, Sanskrit, Armenian and Macedonian, as well as languages influenced by the Indo-European tradition, such as Georgian, the term is usually used for forms that express perfective aspect and often refer to past events. "Aorist" comes from Ancient Greek aóristos "indefinite", because it was the unmarked (default) form of the verb, and thus did not have the implications of the imperfective aspect, which referred to an ongoing or repeated situation, or the perfect, which referred to a situation with a continuing relevance, but described an action "pure and simple".

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Some articles on aorist:

Ancient Greek Grammar (tables) - Conjugation - Contracted Verbs - Other Tenses
... τιμάω → τιμῶ future τιμήσω, aorist ἐτίμησα, perfect τετίμηκα, past perf ... ποιέω → ποιῶ future ποιήσω, aorist ἐποίησα, perfect πεποίηκα, past perf ... ἐπεποιήκειν δηλόω → δηλῶ future δηλώσω, aorist ἐδήλωσα, perfect δεδήλωκα, past perf ...
Sanskrit Verbs - Tense Systems - Aorist System
... The aorist system includes aorist proper (with past indicative meaning, e.g ... The aorist system stem actually has three different formations the simple aorist, the reduplicating aorist (semantically related to the causative verb), and the sibilant aorist ... The simple aorist is taken directly from the root stem (e.g ...
Sanskrit Grammar - Verbs - Tense Systems - Aorist System
... The aorist system includes aorist proper (with past indicative meaning, e.g ... The aorist system stem actually has three different formations the simple aorist, the sibilant aorist, and the reduplicating aorist, which is semantically related to the ...
Proto-Indo-European Verbs - Post-PIE Developments
... In Greek, the difference between the present, aorist, and perfect, when used outside of the indicative (i.e ... That is, the aorist refers to a simple action, the present to an ongoing action, and the perfect to a state resulting from a previous action ... An aorist infinitive or imperative, for example, does not refer to a past action, and in fact for many verbs (e.g ...
Aorist - Quenya
... Tolkien's constructed language Quenya, the aorist is a gnomic tense or simple present that expresses general facts or simple present actions ...