What are utilitarians?

Some articles on utilitarians:

Utilitarianism - Application To Specific Issues - Human Rights
... Utilitarians argue that justification of slavery, torture or mass murder would require unrealistically large benefits to outweigh the direct and extreme suffering to ... Act and rule utilitarians differ in how they treat human rights themselves ... Act utilitarians, on the other hand, do not accept human rights as moral principles in and of themselves, but that does not mean that they reject them altogether first, most act ...
Philosophy - Ethics and Universal Value
... Some utilitarians, Jeremy Bentham for example, have argued that pleasure and pain are the only things that are of universal intrinsic value that is, that pleasure and pain are the only things that are ... Because utilitarians are consequentialists, this means that utilitarians who hold pleasure and pain to be the only things of universal value then argue that actions are right when they maximise ...
Rule Utilitarianism
... For rule utilitarians, the correctness of a rule is determined by the amount of good it brings about when followed ... In contrast, act utilitarians judge an act in terms of the consequences of that act alone (such as stopping at a red light), rather than judging whether it faithfully adhered to ... Rule utilitarians argue that following rules that tend to lead to the greatest good will have better consequences overall than allowing exceptions to be made in individual instances, even if better consequences can ...
Trolley Problem - Related Problems - The Fat Man
... Act utilitarians deny this ... So do some non-utilitarians such as Peter Unger, who rejects that it can make a substantive moral difference whether you bring the harm to the one or whether you move the one into the path of the harm ... Note, however, that rule utilitarians do not have to accept this, and can say that pushing the fat man over the bridge violates a rule to which adherence is necessary for ...