What are hydrolysis?

  • (noun): A chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion from the water.

Hydrolysis

Hydrolysis usually means the cleavage of chemical bonds by the addition of water. Generally, hydrolysis is a step in the degradation of a substance. The word "hydrolysis" ( /haɪˈdrɒlɨsɪs/) comes from Greek roots hydro "water" + lysis "separation".

Read more about Hydrolysis.

Some articles on hydrolysis:

Alkaline Hydrolysis
... Alkaline hydrolysis is a process for the disposal of human remains, which its creator states is more ecologically favorable than cremation ... In the alkaline hydrolysis disposal process, the body is placed in a silk bag, itself placed within a metal cage frame ... This alkaline hydrolysis process is currently being championed by a number of ecological campaigning groups, for using less energy and producing less carbon dioxide and pollutants than cremation ...
Hydrolysis Constant
... A hydrolysis constant is an equilibrium constant for a hydrolysis reaction ... Al3+ + 2H2O → AlOH2+ + H3O+ The hydrolysis constant for this reaction is as shown Khydrolysis = * / In a more generalized form, the hydrolysis constant can be described ...
Cyclohexenone - Synthesis
... The reduction and acid hydrolysis of 3-ethoxy-2-cyclohexen-1-one is available for the laboratory scale ... Cyclohexanone is obtained by Birch reduction followed by acid hydrolysis It can be obtained from cyclohexanone by α-bromination and elimination, or from 3-chloro cyclohexene by means of hydrolysis and oxidation ...
Hydrolysis - Types - Metal Aqua Ions
... The aqua ions undergo hydrolysis, to a greater or lesser extent ... The first hydrolysis step is given generically as M(H2O)nm+ + H2O M(H2O)n-1(OH)(m-1)+ + H3O+ Thus the aqua cations behave as acids in terms of Brønsted-Lowry acid-base ... such as Na+ are very weak acids with almost imperceptible hydrolysis ...
Keq - Types of Equilibrium Constants - Hydrolysis Constants
... related to the concentration of the hydrogen ion by The first step in metal ion hydrolysis can be expressed in two different ways It follows that β* = K KW ... Hydrolysis constants are usually reported in the β* form and this leads to them appearing to have strange values ... In general when the hydrolysis product contains n hydroxide groups lg β* = lg K + n lg KW ...