What are deficient verbs?

Some articles on deficient verbs, verbs, deficient verb, verb:

Sotho Deficient Verbs - Multi-verbal Syntax
... Deficient verbs are used to alter the meaning of complementary normal verbs, which have to follow the deficient verb(s) in word order ... macro-stem │ └───────────────────┘ verb phrase The full(er) picture (The bullets • are used here to ... syllable of the following word, but only if that word is the verb's object ...
Sotho Deficient Verbs
... Sesotho Phonology Tonology Grammar Parts of speech Nouns Concords Verbs Deficient verbs Orthography Notes The orthography used in this and related articles is that of South Africa, not Lesotho ... In the Sotho language, the deficient verbs are a special subset of Sesotho verbs that require a subordinate or complementary verb to complete their action, and which are used to form many tenses ... These verbs form part of multi-verbal conjugations comprising a string of verbs (each with its own subjectival concord) and verbal auxiliaries ...
Sotho Deficient Verbs - Classification
... Even though many other Bantu languages have some deficient verbs, the system used in the Sotho–Tswana languages is unusually intricate and specialized, with a rather large number of verbs that ... Although the deficient verbs themselves may usually be used in various moods and tenses, the main verb is limited to only a limited number of moods ... If multiple deficient verbs are used then each verb affects the mood of the following ...

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