What are Catholicos?

  • (noun): The ecclesiastical title of the leaders of the Nestorian and Armenian churches.

Catholicos

Catholicos, plural Catholicoi, is a title used for the head of certain churches in some Eastern Christian traditions. The title implies autocephaly and in some cases is borne by the designated head of an autonomous church, in which case the holder might have other titles such as Patriarch. In other cases a catholicos heads a Particular Church and is subject to a patriarch or other church head. The word is a transliteration of the ancient Greek καθολικός, pl. καθολικοί, derived from καθ' ὅλου (kath'olou, "generally") from κατά (kata, "down") and ὅλος (holos, "whole"), meaning "concerning the whole, universal, general"; it originally designated a financial or civil office in the Roman Empire. The name of the Catholic Church is derived from the same linguistic origin.

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Some articles on Catholicos:

Sarkis I Of Armenia
... Catholicos Sarkis I (Armenian Սարգիս Ա ... Սևանցի) was the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church between 992 and 1019 ... by Peter I of Armenia, brother of the previous Catholicos Khachig I ...
List Of Syrian Armenians - Religion
... Zareh I Payaslian (1915, Marash – 1963, Beirut), catholicos of the Great House of Cilicia from 1956 to 1963 who served as Primate of Aleppo between 1943-1956 ... Karekin I Sarkissian (1932, Kesab – 1999, Vagharshapat), catholicos of All Armenians between 1995-1999, and catholicos of the Great House of Cilicia between 1983-1 ...
Catholicos - Caucasian Albania
... Historically, the title of Catholicos was also used by the chief bishop of Caucasian Albania ... deteriorated and the provinces came under the Catholicos of Etchmiadzin ...
Catholicos Of The East
... Catholicos of the East is an ecclesiastical title used by Eastern Churches ... The title Catholicos, or "universal leader", is used in several Eastern Christian churches and implies a degree of sovereignty and autocephaly ... The designation "Catholicos of the East" originated in the see of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, the capital of Persia, center of the Church of the East since the early ...
Asdvadzadur Of Armenia
... Catholicos Asdvadzadur was the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church between 1715 and 1725 ... As Catholicos, he secured an alliance with Christian Peter the Great of Russia for aid against the expansionist Muslim powers of the Ottoman Empire and Persia ...